Surface water shortages force farmers to monocrop
Agricultural water shortages in the north-west region of Bangladesh is causing many farmers to monocrop during the monsoon season, contributing to soil degradation and a vicious cycle that squeezes farmers into poverty and could result in depopulation/migration.
The Strategic Foresight Group writes,
Sources:The Strategic Foresight Group, July 2010, page 6: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2010.pdf#page=6
Mazumdar, Shoumitra. ‘Growers in north frustrated over sterile boro crop’. New Age. 03 April
Ali, Anwar. ‘Water table falling by 2ft a year in Barind area’. The Daily Star. 23 March 2009.
Shariful Islam, Sarker. ‘Barind region facing imminent natural disaster’. New Nation. 21 July
‘Call to declare Barind tract as most vulnerable area’. The Independent. 20 May 2010.
‘Water crisis acute in vast Barind tract’ 23 March 2010.
Asaduzzaman, M. Ringler, Claudia. Thurlow, J. and Alam, S. ‘Investing in Crop Agriculture in
Bangladesh for Higher Growth and Productivity, and Adaptation to Climate Change’. Bangladesh
Food Security Investment Forum. May 2010.
Naya Diganta. 28 March 2010. <http://www.sonarbangladesh.com/newsdetails.php?ID=3348>
‘Crops are being destroyed due to Drought’. 13 April 2010.
Amardesh. 20 March 2010. <http://www.amardeshonline.com/pages/details/2010/03/20/23482>
SRI a possible alternative to hybrid rice
The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is being researched as a method of rice cultivation that can produce high yields, reduce long-term resource requirements, and lessen contribution to climage change.
Sources:NISTPASS, Nov 2010 page 9:
Rice harvesting of SRI at Citarum watershed: http://pla.deptan.go.id/berita_detail.php?id=39
SRI methods increased rice production by 78%: http://www.antaranews.com/print/?i=1200464644
RI increased yield and reduced water need:
Mathematical model of rice growth under SRI:
Land Degradation and Organic Response in Central India
Deteriorating land quality caused by overuse of chemical fertilizers and climate disruptions are leading to crisis in Madhya Pradesh and contributing to the epidemic of farmer suicides in the region. Going back to organic farming is an option being pushed by policy makers:
"Deteriorating land quality is pushing small and marginal farmers in Madhya Pradesh (MP) into a deeper cycle of debt. At present, land in certain parts of MP requires a large amount of input in order to be able to produce the regular yield.
"Factors that have reduced land quality include:
Sources:Strategic Foresight Group, Asian Horizons, Issue No: 8, October 2010. Page 4.
Sainath, P. ‘A Farmer is Committing Suicide Every 32 Minutes’. Alternatives International. 18
November 2007. <http://www.alterinter.org/article1394.html?lang=fr>
Jain, Sachin Kumar. ‘Chemical Warfare in Jhabua’. Info Change India. August 2010.
Singh, Mahim Pratap. ‘Jhabua on its way to becoming Vidarbha-II?’. The Hindu. 25 August 2009.
Chibber, Nandita. ‘Sulphur deficiency in Madhya Pradesh soil leads to poor harvest’. Down to
Earth. 14 August 2007. <http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/node/11331>