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Nigeria creating the legal framework for agricultural biotechnology

Nigeria is creating the framework to be a regional leader in producing modified cotton, and other agricultural biotechnology products.
“Federal lawmakers conclude work on a bill on biosafety law, as part of efforts to create a legal framework to ensure safe practice of biotechnology in agriculture. The bill has been passed at the House and the representatives are now waiting for the Senate to pass a similar one to have a harmonized copy of the bill.”

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Ancient practice of using Biochar is good for soil, carbon capture, and potentially syngas

Biochar—a mix of burnt vegetation, soil, manure, and other natural ingredients—is incredibly healthy for soil and holds carbon well.

NISTPASS writes,

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Sources:

NISTPASS Science and Technology Scanning: Asia Pacific, Dec 2010, pg 6:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Dec2010.pdf#page=6

Biochar Is a Valuable Soil Amendment - Biochar is a Powerfully Simple Tool to Combat Climate Change http://www.biochar-international.org/biochar

Gani, A. 2009. Biochar Penyelamat Lingkungan. Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. 31:15-16. http://www.pustaka-deptan.go.id/publikasi/wr316099.pdf

Jackson, J. 2010. Biochar-Wisdom of Ancient Amazonians May Hold Secrets of Carbon Capture. Environment and Technology Correspondent. http://www.earthtimes.org/articles/news/353300,biochar--wisdom-of-ancient-amazonians-may-hold-secrets-of.html

Lehmann, J. and M. Rondon. Bio-Char Soil Management on Highly Weathered Soils in the Humid Tropics. Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems: http://www.css.cornell.edu/faculty/lehmann/publ/Lehmann%20et%20al.,%202006%20Biochar%20soil%20management.pdf

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Land Use institions and policies as tool for poverty reduction

Land use strategies can be powerful tools for reducing poverty, but policy failures pose huge challenges to implementing new technologies and practices. A research report identifies the need for institutional innovation to encourage different land uses, empower farmers, and facilitate knowledge sharing.

NISTPASS writes,

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Sources:

NISTPASS Science and Technology Scanning: Asia Pacific, Dec 2010, pg 3-4:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Dec2010.pdf#page=4

Vladimir Mikhalev and Ajiniyaz Reimov, Land Degradation in Central Asia.
http://www.developmentandtransition.net/index.cfm?module=ActiveWeb&page=WebPage&DocumentID=673
Gupta, R., K. Kienzler, C. Martius, A. Mirzabaev, T. Oweis, E. de Pauw, M. Qadir, K. Shideed, R. Sommer, R. Thomas, K. Sayre, C. Carli, A. Saparov, M. Bekenov, S. Sanginov, M. Nepesov, and R. Ikramov 2009. Research Prospectus: A Vision for Sustainable Land Management Research in Central Asia. ICARDA Central Asia and Caucasus Program. Sustainable Agriculture in Central Asia and the Caucasus Series No.1. CGIAR-PFU, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. 84 pp. http://www.icarda.org/cac/sacac.asp

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The Rice Knowledge Bank at forefront of leveraging ICT for rural rice farmers

The Rice Knowledge Bank uses ICT, participatory learning and good information design to educate rural rice farmers on agricultural best practices and market information. Its impact helps point to the power of addressing ICT literacy gaps.

The Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy writes,

"The Rice Knowledge Bank (RKB) is a joint project between IRRI (International Rice Research Institute) and the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre. The RKB’s main objective is to make information as accessible as possible for farmers by:

2.01
Average: 2 (1 vote)
 

Sources:

LKYSPP Asian Trends Monitoring Bulletin, December 2010, pg 9:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/LKYSPP_Dec2010.pdf

The World Bank. 2010. Employment in agriculture (% of total employment). Retrieved from UNCTAD. 2005. ICT and e-business: what developing countries stand to gain. Issues in Brief, 11, 1-2.

Internet World Stats. 2010. Internet Usage in Asia. Retrieved 20 December 2010 from http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm

Jakarta Globe (2010a) SBY inaugurates ‘Blackout-Free’ Era. July 28. http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/business/sby-inaugurates-blackout-free-era/388131

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Sustainable land management for food security/land conflict minimization in Pacific

The Pacific Regional Land Initiative seeks to use sustainable land management practices (SLM) to help mitigate effects of urbanization and resource strains, and as a tool for local community and economic development. The initiative helps bring SLM to the Pacific.

NISTPASS writes,

“The Pacific Regional Land Initiative includes three components with potential to support and complement national and local land policy reform efforts in the Pacific countries:

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Sources:

NISTPASS Science and Technology Scanning: Asia Pacific, Dec 2010, pg 1
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Dec2010.pdf#page=1


Sustainable land management for food security/land conflict minimization in Pacific
http://www.spc.int/lrd/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=542:sustainable-land-management-forfood-
securityland-conflict-minimisation&catid=81:policies-and-legislation-&Itemid=28

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Islamic Finance Meets Microfinance in Syria, Possible Solution to Food Security Issues (08)

"In 2007, Syria became the first country in the Arab region to issue legislation in the area of microfinance. However, microfinance is growing at a slow pace as private and commercial banks are oriented towards high- income clients and reluctant to enter microfinance arena because of the 9% interest rate cap. A few NGOs and donor agencies working towards poverty alleviation support microfinance initiatives in the country. If this trend continues in the future, microfinance will take several years to meet the needs of Syrian society.

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Sources:

SFG ME January 2011 pgs. 11-13
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_Jan2011.pdf#pg=11

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Food Security Fears Fuel Agricultural Land Grab in West Africa, Weak Property Rights Slow Investment

"Rising food prices, coupled with fears over future food security, as the global population moves towards the 9 billion mark in 2050, has led to a rush to acquire land for agriculture in West Africa (and other parts of the world) by foreign governments to grow their own food. As prices rise, foreign private investors have also seen an opportunity to make good returns on on agricultural investments through land leases."

"Land leases are mainly driven by Middle Eastern and Asian countries whose populations are growing rapidly, in the face of limited arable land."

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West African Governments Prioritize Agriculture,Try to Engage Youth; Urbanized Middle Class Creates Domestic/Import Market

"Governments in the region have signed the continent wide Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) compact. They have committed to spend at least 10% of their budgets on agriculture. CAADP aims to push agriculture growth to at least 6% annual growth in food production by 2015 through increased research and technology dissemination, improved food supply chains, extending areas under agriculture and improved infrastructure and trade-related capacities."

"Government efforts are also being complemented by those of

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As sea level rises, crab aquaculture could replace coastal rice farming

Mud crab aquaculture in Bangladesh has become a new form of alternative livelihood in the coastal region, and as climate change affects coastal arable land and various entities support the fledgling sector, it could prove a remarkable adaptation strategy for the landless poor.

The Strategic Foresight Group writes,

1.515
Average: 1.5 (2 votes)
 

Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, July 2011 (pg. 8):
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July_2011.pdf#page=8

Chaki, N. ‘Culture of Mud Crab, Scylla serrata’. Bangladesh Fisheries Information Share Home.
08 February 2011.
http://en.bdfish.org/2011/02/culture-mud-crab-scylla-serrata/

‘Bangladesh farmers fatten crabs on polluted land’. Bajan Sun Online. 20 February 2011.
http://bajansunonline.com/bangladesh-farmers-fatten-crabs-on-polluted-land/

‘Change of life by cultivating crab farming’. Prothom Alo. 02 January 2011.
http://www.prothom-alo.com/detail/date/2010-01-02/news/31953

‘Expansion of Crab Market’. Weekly Sonar Bangla. 06 May 2011.
http://www.weeklysonarbangla.net/news_details.php?newsid=1305

‘In Satkheera beside, prawn cultivation, crab cultivation is going on too’. Bangladesh Itech News.
http://bangladeshitechnews.blogspot.com/2010/11/blog-post_5440.html

‘Improved Crab Fattening Through Cage Culture For Raising Income of Ultra Poor Women’. Satkhira. 04 May 2011.
http://www.dcsatkhira.gov.bd/index.php?option=com_dcnews&controller=dcnews&task=edit&cid%5B%5D=33

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A maturing organic rice sector in Thailand, and other anti-pesticide measures

The growing use and weak regulation of pesticides and chemicals in Thailand has inspired government response to rein in usage and explore alternative farming models.

The Strategic Foresight Group writes,

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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, July 2011 (pg. 18):
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2011.pdf#page=18

Wipatayotin, Apinya. ‘Pesticides levels pose threat to Thai vegetable exports’. Bangkok Post. 26 January 2011. <http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/218184/pesticide-levels-pose-threat-tothai-
vegetable-exports>

Ussavasodhi, Santibhap. ‘Chemical substances weaken health of Thai farmers’. National News Bureau of Thailand Public Relations Department. 30 March 2011.
<http://thainews.prd.go.th/en/news.php?id=255403300006>

‘EU health warning is also for Thai consumers sake’. The Nation. 27 January 2011.
<http://www.nationmultimedia.com/2011/01/27/opinion/EU-health-warning-is-also-for-Thaiconsumers-
sake-30147249.html>

Srivirojana, Nucharee. Theptepa, Thanalak. Punpuing, Suruporn. Guest, Philip. Tun, Khumtong. Chankham, Olarn and Suvarsrual, Apinya. ‘Population Pressure, Utilization of Chemicals in Agriculture, Health Outcomes and Solid Waste Management.’ <http://www.seauema.ait.ac.th/formal/Download/ARL/ISWM_Conference/Tools%20for%20Solid%20Waste%20
Management%20and%20their%20Applications.pdf>

‘The Vegetable Sector of Thailand: A Review’. FAO Corporate Document Repository.
<http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/ac145e/AC145E01.htm>

‘Thailand’. Trading Economics. 2009 .<http://www.tradingeconomics.com/thailand/agriculturalland-sq-km-wb-data.html>

Arunmas, Phusadee. ‘Chamber eyes mandatory GAP for vegetable exports’. Bangkok Post. 18 February 2011. <http://www.bangkokpost.com/business/economics/222221/chamber-eyesmandatory-gap-for-vegetable-exports>

Hee, Tan Siang. ‘Behind the Ban’. Business Report Thailand. 30 April 2011.
<http://www.businessreportthailand.com/thailand-eu-vegetable-ban-12654>

‘Do Farmers in Thailand use Pesticides?’ Washing Soda. 8 October 2010. <
http://www.elsoda.com/soda/do-farmers-in-thailand-use-pesticides/>

Panyakal, Vitoon. ‘Thailand case studies for Organic Agricultural Development’. IFOAM. 2009.
<http://www.ifoam.org/growing_organic/2_policy/case_studies/thailand_organization_lessons.php>

Gordy, Alex. ‘Thailand: Organic growth potential’. Thailand Business News. 18 October 2010.
<http://thailand-business-news.com/economics/27656-thailand-organic-growth-potential
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