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Economic growth in Latin America, is it sustainable?

Despite positive economic growth within Latin America and a relatively smooth transition through the 2008 crisis, there are concerns about how this trend will continue.

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Sources:

FORO December 2010, pages 3-4
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_Dec2010.pdf#pg=3

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West Africa determined to continue financial integration

“Led by the francophone bloc, West Africa has been a world pace setter in financial integration. For half a century before the euro was launched, 60% of West African countries had been successfully sharing a common currency—the CFA under West Africa Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA) with a central bank located in Abijan, Ivory Coast. The ambition, over the next decade is to create a second common currency for the five non-francophone countries (Ghana, Nigeria, Liberia, Sierra Leone and the Gambia), and to merge the two currencies into a single currency for the region by 2020.”

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Indonesia moving cocoa industry into production and not just resource extraction

“The Indonesian government plans to develop a value-added processing industry for cocoa in West Sulawesi. Indonesia is the third largest producer of cocoa in the world, after the Ivory Coast and Ghana. By 2013, the province aims to double its cocoa production to 300,000 tons from its 2010 production of 147,000 tons. The cocoa processing industry, however, is still small in Indonesia. More than 70% of cocoa seeds are exported to foreign companies like Cargill, ADM Cocoa, Aramjaro and Ecom Cocoa.

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Economic Negotiations to Redistribute National Wealth in South Africa

“In recent weeks, there has been a growing chorus of voices suggesting that SA needs to hold another Codesa [the all inclusive transformative negotiations that ended Apartheid] — an Economic Codesa — a call that expresses the exasperation at the lack of meaningful action on the part of the government.

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Tourism quantified

For many poor countries tourism is one of their main industries. Having a better understanding of how tourism contributes to the economies of these countries is a very important step that until know has not been much understood.

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Sources:

Source: Development Southern Africa, Vol 27 (5)

South Africa Node April 2011 pg. 4
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SANode_April2011.pdf#page=4

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Financial inflows from developing countries more stable than developed countries

“South African FDI, along with flows from transnational corporations (TNCs) in other developing countries, such as China and India, had proved less volatile during the recent economic crisis than had been the case with flows from developed economy TNCs, which slumped markedly… [as such] emerging country investors like China and South Africa are expected to be more resilient than traditional ones, providing a potential buffer against further developed world economic stagnation and/or crises.”

Implications from Institute for the Future:

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Sources:

South Africa Node July 2010, pg. 2
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SA-Node_July2010.pdf#page=2

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China is not the biggest Foreign Direct Investor in Africa, South Africa is.

"According to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development’s (Unctad) latest World Investment Report (WIR) South Africa was the largest ‘developing country’ foreign direct investor (FDI) in Africa between 2006 and 2008, with South African companies having invested an average of US$2,61-billion a year over the period, which was higher than FDI flows from China, whose companies invested an average of US$2,53-billion a year on the continent during the same period.

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Sources:

South Africa Node July 2010, pg. 2
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SA-Node_July2010.pdf#page=2

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What’s up with Jobless Growth?

As most of the developing world seems to be facing a youth bulge in the coming decade combined with already massive amounts of unemployment, the new trend of jobless growth in South Africa is troublesome.

“An inaugural OECD Economic Survey of South Africa, released in July stated that South Africa’s economy needs to grow by 5% a year in order to turn the tide against unemployment which is ‘especially acute for the young.’” In the report the OECD stated that increasing unemployment is one of the major challenges of South Africa.

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Sources:

South Africa Node July 2010, pg. 2
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SA-Node_July2010.pdf#page=2

More on South Africa’s jobless growth:
http://www.economist.com/node/16248641

Link to “Demise or Resilience.” A fee is required to access full article.
http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a922431677~db=all~jumptype=rss

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Biofuels on the Rise in South America

In 2010, legislation that fosters the use of ethanol-gasoline and biodiesel was implemented in Argentina and Peru, according to Internacional Nacional Foro (INF)states. These countries join Bolivia and Brazil, which had regulated the use of biodiesel in 2007 and 2008, respectively. Biofuels are produced from agricultural products, organic waste, or any kind of biomass and, in order to be considered biofuels, must contain some percentage of renewable materials.

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Sources:

Internacional Nacional Foro, February 2010, page 3:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_Feb2010.pdf#page=3

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Skepticism of Large Corporations in South Africa in Wake of Global Financial Crisis

From MPSAN
The South Africa Civil Society News Service (SACSIS… cites a recently published report by the World Economic Forum… based on a survey of 130 000 people, mostly under the age of 30 in ten countries,. A significant two-thirds held the view that the global financial crisis came about as a result of a deficit in ethics and values within the economy. For South African respondents, a significant 77% believed this to be the case.

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Sources:

Millennium Project South Africa Node March 2010, pages 3-4
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SA-Node_Mar2010#page=4
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