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Cultural Industries: the new frontier for development efforts?

The use of national cultural goods as sources of revenue is an intriguing area, with benefits ranging from increased income to the preservation of national identities and different cultures. FORO further explains the importance of "cultural industries."

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South American countries coordinate management of energy resources.

“South American countries are signing several bilateral and multilateral agreements for the exploration, exploitation, sale, and purchase of energy resources—an interesting trend toward a joint regional management of their energy resources. For example, Paraguay will shortly start selling electricity to Argentina and Uruguay. These two countries are signing an agreement to build a regasification plant with shared administration, which will provide power to both countries starting in 2013.

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South American countries experience a changing health profile

South American countries are seeing a change in epidemiology profiles, that is to say, fewer cases of communicable disease, primarily associated with poverty, and increased cases of chronic diseases that require more costly long-term interventions and are often associated with richer communities.

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Bolivia to lead a unified South American stance on climate change

“So far, South American countries have not acted as a single bloc or consistently as a set of blocs in these [climate change] international negotiations, despite having important common issues, for example, the management of the Amazon basin. Nevertheless, a look at the positions of Bolivia and Brazil, by far the most important regional player, in the major summits sponsored by the United Nations and other parallel processes, reveals emerging possibilities for joint action by South American countries in future processes.

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Extreme weather opens new economic opportunities in Ecuador and Peru

Peru and Ecuador are highly vulnerable to economic disruption at the hands of El Nino, but extreme weather also opens some new economic opportunities

FORO writes,

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Sources:

FORO March 2011 pages 6:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_Mar2011.pdf#page=6-7

Corporación Andina de Fomento (2007). “El fenómeno el Niño 1997-1998: memoria, retos y soluciones” Volumen IV:
Ecuador.

Corporación Andina de Fomento (2007). “El fenómeno el Niño 1997-1998: memoria, retos y soluciones” Volumen V: Perú.

The HDR of Piura is 0.5714 compared to 0.7033 in Lima. See PNUD Peru. “Cuadro de IDH Nacional”. Available in:
http://www.pnud.org.pe/frmDatosIDH.aspx [accessed: March 2011].

Centro Internacional para investigación del fenómeno del Niño – CIIFEN (2009). “Guía técnica para la implementación de un sistema regional de información climática aplicada a la gestión de riesgo agrícola en los países andinos”. Proyecto BID ATN/OC – 10064 – RG. Guayaquil – Ecuador.

Gestión de cuencas para enfrentar el cambio climático y el Fenómeno del Niño. Propuesta de adaptación tecnológica frente al cambio climático y el FEN en Piura. Available in: www.solucionespracticas.org.pe/publicaciones.php.

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Creative financing mechanisms for climate change adaptation

A series of innovative measures in South American countries is paving the way for creative financing of Climate Change mitigation that does not rely on public financing. (see model highlights essential alternatives for financing Climate Change adaptation measures),

FORO writes,

“First, ranking projects according to their GHG abatement capacity. In ECLAC (2010), Uruguay developed its marginal abatement cost curve to identify cost-effective activities to reduce GHG emissions, such as improving energy efficiency in business and households or planting of grassland.

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Sources:

FORO June 2011 pages 6-8:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_June2011.pdf#page=6

IPCC (2007), “Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of climate change”, Working Group III Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Global Report of the Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change Study, prepared by the World Bank.

UNFCCC (2007), Climate Change: Impacts, vulnerabilities, and adaptation in developing countries. Bonn: UNFCCC; and World Bank (2011), The cost to developing countries of adapting to climate change: new methods and estimates, Washington, DC: World Bank.

CLAES (2010). Ambiente y desarrollo en América del Sur 2009/2010. Tendencias y emergentes en cambio climático, biodiversidad y políticas ambientales. Montevideo: CLAES (Centro Latino Americano de Ecología Social).

ECLAC (2010), Economics of climate change in Latin America. Summary 2010. Santiago de Chile: ECLAC.

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New preventative measures against El Nino: risk assessment and traditional-scientific knowledge

Early initiatives at mitigating El Nino damages focus on research and integrating traditional and scientific knowledge.

FORO writes,

1.68
Average: 1.7 (6 votes)
 

Sources:

FORO March 2011 pages 6:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_Mar2011.pdf#page=6-7

Corporación Andina de Fomento (2007). “El fenómeno el Niño 1997-1998: memoria, retos y soluciones” Volumen IV:
Ecuador.

Corporación Andina de Fomento (2007). “El fenómeno el Niño 1997-1998: memoria, retos y soluciones” Volumen V: Perú.

The HDR of Piura is 0.5714 compared to 0.7033 in Lima. See PNUD Peru. “Cuadro de IDH Nacional”. Available in:
http://www.pnud.org.pe/frmDatosIDH.aspx [accessed: March 2011].

Centro Internacional para investigación del fenómeno del Niño – CIIFEN (2009). “Guía técnica para la implementación de un sistema regional de información climática aplicada a la gestión de riesgo agrícola en los países andinos”. Proyecto BID ATN/OC – 10064 – RG. Guayaquil – Ecuador.

Gestión de cuencas para enfrentar el cambio climático y el Fenómeno del Niño. Propuesta de adaptación tecnológica frente al cambio climático y el FEN en Piura. Available in: www.solucionespracticas.org.pe/publicaciones.php.

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Peru and Ecuador vulnerabilities to extreme weather

Powerful El Ninos significantly impact economic and social resources in Peru and Ecuador, which are highly vulnerable to extreme weather events and in need of preventative measures. The biggest gaps are information, understanding of effects, and infrastructure.

FORO writes,

“The Andean Development Corporation has identified the following vulnerabilities in the region:

- Lack of knowledge on hydrology and watershed management of the rivers. In Ecuador, human intervention in the watershed has made this country more vulnerable to EN events.

1.02
Average: 1 (1 vote)
 

Sources:

FORO March 2011 pages 6:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_Mar2011.pdf#page=6-7

Corporación Andina de Fomento (2007). “El fenómeno el Niño 1997-1998: memoria, retos y soluciones” Volumen IV:
Ecuador.

Corporación Andina de Fomento (2007). “El fenómeno el Niño 1997-1998: memoria, retos y soluciones” Volumen V: Perú.

The HDR of Piura is 0.5714 compared to 0.7033 in Lima. See PNUD Peru. “Cuadro de IDH Nacional”. Available in:
http://www.pnud.org.pe/frmDatosIDH.aspx [accessed: March 2011].

Centro Internacional para investigación del fenómeno del Niño – CIIFEN (2009). “Guía técnica para la implementación de un sistema regional de información climática aplicada a la gestión de riesgo agrícola en los países andinos”. Proyecto BID ATN/OC – 10064 – RG. Guayaquil – Ecuador.

Gestión de cuencas para enfrentar el cambio climático y el Fenómeno del Niño. Propuesta de adaptación tecnológica frente al cambio climático y el FEN en Piura. Available in: www.solucionespracticas.org.pe/publicaciones.php.

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Possibilities for nuclear power in South America

South America is exploring options for nuclear power cooperation and capacity to increase energy supply presently and in the future, though it is unlikely to be a major part of the regions energy portfolio.

FORO writes,

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Regional management of energy resources in South America

A series of bilateral and multilateral agreements among South American countries are increasingly intertwining energy resources and paving the way for increased regionalism.

FORO writes,

For example, Paraguay will shortly start selling electricity to Argentina and Uruguay. These two countries are signing an agreement to build a regasification plant with shared administration, which will provide power to both countries starting in 2013. Also, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, and Chile plan to conduct studies in order to interconnect their electrical grids.

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