Return to Roots: Revival of Qanats in Iraq, Iran and Syria
“In recent years, Qanats, ancient hydraulic irrigation and potable water disbursement systems, are being revived to mitigate water shortages. Although Iraq has seen significant technological development in water treatment and disbursement, these projects are difficult to manage in remote or rural areas for various technical and energy related problems.
Sources:SFG-ME July 2011 pgs. 8-10
Iran, Turkey, and Central Asia have designed a nanotechnology network to share resources.
Sources:SFG_ME August 2011 pgs. 7-8
Egypt Embraces Wind Energy to Reduce Oil Dependence
"Egypt plans to introduce a feed-in-tariff law by 2012, which has the potential to create a competitive market and would guarantee that all sources of renewable energy will be competitive with traditional sources of energy. Thus with the government offering electricity generated by renewable sources at a reduced rate, there is potential for electricity to reach poor rural populations....
Sources:The Strategic Foresight Group, Middle-East Edition, May 2011, page 5-7: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_May2011.pdf#page=5
“Middle East largest wind turbine comes online in Abu Dabi”, Ameinfo Online. 20 January 2008. http://www.ameinfo.com/144256.html
Global Wind Energy Council
“A gust of wind energy in Egypt”, Egyptian Wind Energy Association. 14 July, 2010. http://www.ewindea.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=126:a-gust-of-wind- energy-in-egypt&catid=41:wind-industry&Itemid=68
“Manufacture Wind turbine components in Egypt”, How We Made It in Africa, 26 July, 2010. http://www.howwemadeitinafrica.com/manufacture-wind-turbine-components-in-egypt/155/
Smog Holidays, Water Dumping Pollution Fixes Create Their Own Problems in Tehran
To deal with severe air pollution, the government of Tehran began issuing "smog holidays, where government offices, schools, banks, factories and other sites were ordered to shut for the day."
"This has become the main method of dealing with the air pollution, and in 2010 Tehran has 80 smog holidays."
"Another method of combating the growing pollution has been to drop thousands of litres of water from small planes across the city. Each plane carries approximately 2000 litres of water, and about 30 flights are done everyday, releasing about 60,000 litres of water."
Sources:SFG June 2011, pages 11, 12:
United Arab Emirates Government To Address Coastal Pollution in Region
Coastal pollution is a severe problem in the Middle East due to the discharge from desalination plants, "man made island construction," "industrial and household waste dumped directly into the sea," and "oil spills."
The United Arab Emirates has introduced measures to mitigate the effects of coastal pollution, according to SFG.
Sources:SFG June 2011, pages 3, 4:
Air Pollution in Tehran May Push Population Outward
Air pollution in Tehran has been unchecked over the last few years. Levels have reached alarming rates, and are expected to increase in the future if adequate measures are not taken.
"The main pollutants in the environment are aromatics, nitrogen-dioxide, particulate matter, carbon-dioxide and other greenhouse gases amongst others. The capital is now at an alert level with a pollution standard index (PSI) of 151. A PSI of 100 is termed unhealthy for all living conditions."
SFG lists causes as
Sources:SFG June 2011, pages 5, 6:
Developing 8 Countries (D-8) Business Forum meets
The D-8 group of "developing" countries with large Muslim populations is an important network of South-South solidarity and trade, and its Business Forum convened in July 2010 and announced a new series of trade missions. The D-8 is made up of Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Turkey.
Sources:Center for Democracy and Development, July 2010 pg. 10:
Afro-Iranian contemporary world order
Iran and Africa strengthen ties as Iran builds an alliance network outside of the West and Africa looks to a potentially more sympathetic development partner.
Sources:Consultancy Africa Intelligence report:
South Africa Node, October 2010: