Corrupt roadside checkpoints driving down regional trade
“The plethora of checkpoints dotted along the major transit points across the sub-region adds excessive costs to merchants especially since these checkpoints have become hubs of corruption. The ECA has reported that there was a total of 69 checkpoints on the route between Lagos (Nigeria) and Abidjan (Ivory Coast), a distance of only 992km; 34 checkpoints between Lome (Togo) and Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso), a 989km route; 20 between Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) and Abidjan (Ivory Coast), a distance of 529km.
Sources:ACET May 2011, pgs. 3-5
Oil creates poverty in Nigeria (Resource curse)
Nigeria experiences a resource curse perhaps worse than any other nation. Oil exploration has enriched corrupt leaders and done deep and sustained harm to local communities for decades:
Sources:Center for Democracy and Development, July 2010 pg. 4-5:
http://www.nddconline.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_issues_in_the_Niger_Delta http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/494/ http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1P2-16037180.html http://www.newswatchngr.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=11... http://www.afriquejet.com/news/africa-news/nigeria%27s-oil-boom-boosts-a...
Public perception of corruption threatens democratic legitimacy throughout Latin America
FORO writes, "Two decades after a wave of democratization swept Latin America, public trust in democratic institutions continues to be low. Not coincidentally, perceptions of corruption are high while high-profile corruption scandals constantly occupy headlines. In 2010, the highest echelons of government in several countries are being affected by corruption scandals and are condemned by a sizeable sector of public opinion." Numerous scandals have swept through the region, affecting Argentina, Venezuela, Peru, Paraguay, and Brazil.
Sources:FORO Nacional/Internacional, May 2010, page 3: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_May2010.pdf#page=3
Corporación Latinobarómetro, Informe 2009, Santiago de Chile Accessed: 05/25/2010.
Regarding the repercussions of this case in the Argentinean media, see for example: Smink, Veronica, “Argentina: polémica por denuncias de corrupción”, BBC Mundo, Cono Sur, April 24, 2010 Accessed: 05/25/2010. About the Peruvian case, see for example: López, Sinesio, “El jefe (¿Impoluto?)”, Lima: La República, May, 05,2010. Accessed: 05/25/2010.
Álvarez, Augusto, “Anticorrupción solo para la tribuna”, Lima: La República, April, 30, 2010, Accessed: 05/25/2010
For-profit social sector entrepreneurs the future of development
"In India, Shaffi Mather, a social entrepreneur and founder of three successful social enterprises, has decided to embark on a new mission: to combat India's corruption problem. He plans to launch a for-profit, fee-based Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) service to stop bribes and prevent corruption. More sustainable models like these will hopefully emerge in the short-run and will help to fill the institutional gap left by the authorities."
Sources:Searchlight South Asia by Intellecap; pg. 4
Mather's TED talk:
Free Movement — Looking back & forward
Okon Akiba provides an insightful editorial summarizing the original intentions behind 31-year-old migration liberalization programs under the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS):
Sources:West Africa Insight, Centre for Democracy and Development, Vol 1, No 9, September 2010, page 2.