Land Use institions and policies as tool for poverty reduction
Land use strategies can be powerful tools for reducing poverty, but policy failures pose huge challenges to implementing new technologies and practices. A research report identifies the need for institutional innovation to encourage different land uses, empower farmers, and facilitate knowledge sharing.
Sources:NISTPASS Science and Technology Scanning: Asia Pacific, Dec 2010, pg 3-4:
Vladimir Mikhalev and Ajiniyaz Reimov, Land Degradation in Central Asia.
Gupta, R., K. Kienzler, C. Martius, A. Mirzabaev, T. Oweis, E. de Pauw, M. Qadir, K. Shideed, R. Sommer, R. Thomas, K. Sayre, C. Carli, A. Saparov, M. Bekenov, S. Sanginov, M. Nepesov, and R. Ikramov 2009. Research Prospectus: A Vision for Sustainable Land Management Research in Central Asia. ICARDA Central Asia and Caucasus Program. Sustainable Agriculture in Central Asia and the Caucasus Series No.1. CGIAR-PFU, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. 84 pp. http://www.icarda.org/cac/sacac.asp
Land Degradation and Organic Response in Central India
Deteriorating land quality caused by overuse of chemical fertilizers and climate disruptions are leading to crisis in Madhya Pradesh and contributing to the epidemic of farmer suicides in the region. Going back to organic farming is an option being pushed by policy makers:
"Deteriorating land quality is pushing small and marginal farmers in Madhya Pradesh (MP) into a deeper cycle of debt. At present, land in certain parts of MP requires a large amount of input in order to be able to produce the regular yield.
"Factors that have reduced land quality include:
Sources:Strategic Foresight Group, Asian Horizons, Issue No: 8, October 2010. Page 4.
Sainath, P. ‘A Farmer is Committing Suicide Every 32 Minutes’. Alternatives International. 18
November 2007. <http://www.alterinter.org/article1394.html?lang=fr>
Jain, Sachin Kumar. ‘Chemical Warfare in Jhabua’. Info Change India. August 2010.
Singh, Mahim Pratap. ‘Jhabua on its way to becoming Vidarbha-II?’. The Hindu. 25 August 2009.
Chibber, Nandita. ‘Sulphur deficiency in Madhya Pradesh soil leads to poor harvest’. Down to
Earth. 14 August 2007. <http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/node/11331>