< Back to Signals

Vietnamese E’De ethnic community combined ancient practices and modern technology

NISTPASS writes,

"Ea Kar District, Dak Lak is the inhabitation of around 16 ethnic minorities coming from all regions of Vietnam. Local E’De ethnic minority earn their living mainly on agricultural activities. Therefore, the knowledge of how to manage and use land resource in a sustainable way plays a vital role in their lives.

0
No votes yet
 

Sources:

NISTPASS Science and Technology Scanning: Asia Pacific, Dec 2010, pg 6:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Dec2010.pdf#page=6

Indigenous knowledge on sustainable land resource management of E’De ethnic minority people in Vietnam:
http://www.vuf.org.vn/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=80&mode=thread&order=0&thold=0

< Back to Signals

Singapore’s holistic water management system helps show path to sustainable urban water

Over the past four decades, Singapore leveraged land use controls, water recycling technology, education campaigns, and catchment systems to build a system uniquely tailored to Singapore and incredibly resilient. The wide use of tools and constant adaptation to local constraints is a compelling recipe for other cities.

NISTPASS writes,

0
No votes yet
 

Sources:

NISTPASS Science and Technology Scanning: Asia Pacific, Dec 2010, pg 7-8:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Dec2010.pdf#page=7

Singapore's experiences in sustainable water management: http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90001/90781/6247473.html

Singapore guidelines for sustainable water management in the city: http://www.nanyang100.com/singapore/7055.html

Singapore Looks To Ensure Water Sustainability Into The Future: http://www.thegovmonitor.com/world_news/asia/singapore-looks-to-ensure-water-sustainability-into-the-future-34539.html

< Back to Signals

Ancient practice of using Biochar is good for soil, carbon capture, and potentially syngas

Biochar—a mix of burnt vegetation, soil, manure, and other natural ingredients—is incredibly healthy for soil and holds carbon well.

NISTPASS writes,

0
No votes yet
 

Sources:

NISTPASS Science and Technology Scanning: Asia Pacific, Dec 2010, pg 6:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Dec2010.pdf#page=6

Biochar Is a Valuable Soil Amendment - Biochar is a Powerfully Simple Tool to Combat Climate Change http://www.biochar-international.org/biochar

Gani, A. 2009. Biochar Penyelamat Lingkungan. Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. 31:15-16. http://www.pustaka-deptan.go.id/publikasi/wr316099.pdf

Jackson, J. 2010. Biochar-Wisdom of Ancient Amazonians May Hold Secrets of Carbon Capture. Environment and Technology Correspondent. http://www.earthtimes.org/articles/news/353300,biochar--wisdom-of-ancient-amazonians-may-hold-secrets-of.html

Lehmann, J. and M. Rondon. Bio-Char Soil Management on Highly Weathered Soils in the Humid Tropics. Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems: http://www.css.cornell.edu/faculty/lehmann/publ/Lehmann%20et%20al.,%202006%20Biochar%20soil%20management.pdf

< Back to Signals

Sustainable Land Use and Agriculture Resilience

In the “Research Prospectus: A Vision for Sustainable Land Management Research in Central Asia”, the researchers have argued for sustainable land management (SLM) options to be developed for addressing major agro-ecological systems:

0
No votes yet
 

Sources:

NISTPASS Science and Technology Scanning: Asia Pacific, Dec 2010, pg 3-4:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Dec2010.pdf#page=4

Vladimir Mikhalev and Ajiniyaz Reimov, Land Degradation in Central Asia.
http://www.developmentandtransition.net/index.cfm?module=ActiveWeb&page=WebPage&DocumentID=673
Gupta, R., K. Kienzler, C. Martius, A. Mirzabaev, T. Oweis, E. de Pauw, M. Qadir, K. Shideed, R. Sommer, R. Thomas, K. Sayre, C. Carli, A. Saparov, M. Bekenov, S. Sanginov, M. Nepesov, and R. Ikramov 2009. Research Prospectus: A Vision for Sustainable Land Management Research in Central Asia. ICARDA Central Asia and Caucasus Program. Sustainable Agriculture in Central Asia and the Caucasus Series No.1. CGIAR-PFU, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. 84 pp. http://www.icarda.org/cac/sacac.asp

< Back to Signals

Land Use institions and policies as tool for poverty reduction

Land use strategies can be powerful tools for reducing poverty, but policy failures pose huge challenges to implementing new technologies and practices. A research report identifies the need for institutional innovation to encourage different land uses, empower farmers, and facilitate knowledge sharing.

NISTPASS writes,

0
No votes yet
 

Sources:

NISTPASS Science and Technology Scanning: Asia Pacific, Dec 2010, pg 3-4:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Dec2010.pdf#page=4

Vladimir Mikhalev and Ajiniyaz Reimov, Land Degradation in Central Asia.
http://www.developmentandtransition.net/index.cfm?module=ActiveWeb&page=WebPage&DocumentID=673
Gupta, R., K. Kienzler, C. Martius, A. Mirzabaev, T. Oweis, E. de Pauw, M. Qadir, K. Shideed, R. Sommer, R. Thomas, K. Sayre, C. Carli, A. Saparov, M. Bekenov, S. Sanginov, M. Nepesov, and R. Ikramov 2009. Research Prospectus: A Vision for Sustainable Land Management Research in Central Asia. ICARDA Central Asia and Caucasus Program. Sustainable Agriculture in Central Asia and the Caucasus Series No.1. CGIAR-PFU, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. 84 pp. http://www.icarda.org/cac/sacac.asp

< Back to Signals

Human-Computer remote sensing system for monitoring landuse changes in Taiwan

A combination of automatic sensing, GIS, and field work help provide accurate and granular land use detection in Taiwan.

NISTPASS writes,

"Since land use change was very dynamic in time and space, developing a responsive detection system is indispensable. Taiwan, Republic of China has a good example on this case. Collaboration between university and government has been successfully developed an interactive web based land change detection system…Basically, the system consists of three subsystem as followings:

0
No votes yet
 

Sources:

NISTPASS Science and Technology Scanning: Asia Pacific, Dec 2010, pg 4
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Dec2010.pdf#page=4

Chi-Farn Chen and Li-Yu Chang, The National-Scale Land Change Detection System in Taiwan
http://proceedings.esri.com/library/userconf/proc05/papers/pap1078.pdf.

< Back to Signals

Sustainable land management for food security/land conflict minimization in Pacific

The Pacific Regional Land Initiative seeks to use sustainable land management practices (SLM) to help mitigate effects of urbanization and resource strains, and as a tool for local community and economic development. The initiative helps bring SLM to the Pacific.

NISTPASS writes,

“The Pacific Regional Land Initiative includes three components with potential to support and complement national and local land policy reform efforts in the Pacific countries:

0
No votes yet
 

Sources:

NISTPASS Science and Technology Scanning: Asia Pacific, Dec 2010, pg 1
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Dec2010.pdf#page=1


Sustainable land management for food security/land conflict minimization in Pacific
http://www.spc.int/lrd/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=542:sustainable-land-management-forfood-
securityland-conflict-minimisation&catid=81:policies-and-legislation-&Itemid=28

< Back to Signals

Beijing overhauling transportation

Beijing may be designing the city of the future on order to control traffic problems. They are overhauling everything from building new roads, limiting cars and licenses, providing bike sharing, increased bus routes, and limiting driving hours. Below are some highlights of the changes taking place in Beijing.

“Beijing Traffic Control Restriction Policy Limit on new car licenses Only 240,000 car licenses will be issued in 2011 through number-drawing (lottery), with a monthly average of20,000.

2.01
Average: 2 (2 votes)
 

Sources:

NISTPASS January 2011 pgs. 15-16
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Jan2011.pdf#page=15

Major policies released to ease Beijing's traffic.
http://europe.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2010-12/24/content_11751134.htm

< Back to Signals

Effectiveness of hybrid rice overhyped?

Hybrid rice has been touted as a means to increase rice yield, bring food security, and increase the livelihood of farmers; however, there is much evidence that this has not been the case.

NISTPASS writes, “The hype around hybrid rice is to be expected: there is a lot of money to be made from it. But this is not from the harvests of Chinese farmers in the Yuanyang terraces, or Vietnamese farmers around the Red River Delta, or Filipino farmers in Central Luzon. Rarely has that happened

3
Average: 3 (1 vote)
 

Sources:

NISTPASS, Nov 2010 page 7,8:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Nov2010.pdf#page=7

Why hybrid rice continues to fail Asia's small farmers.
http://www.grain.org/o/?id=100

Tran Duc Vien and Nguyen Thi Duong Nga, “Economic impact of hybrid rice in Vietnam an initial assessment,” Hanoi University of Agriculture, 2009, http://www.cares.org.vn./webplus/Article/ECONOMIC%20IMPACT%20OF%20HYBRID%20RICE%20IN%20VIETNAM.pdf

< Back to Signals

Dangers of emerging modern rice-agriculture industry

The transformation of the rice industry into a modern, mechanical, chemical, and large-scale production system has introduced a variety of challenges for farmers, including the destruction of local food systems and increased vulnerability of monocultures.

NISTPASS highlights a number of these

1. Necessary involvement of farm machinery
2. Chemical input agriculture and reliance on fertilizer
3. Sharecropping of farmers, who must renew their seed licenses each year
4. Increased vulnerabilities to pests due to monoculture production

3
Average: 3 (4 votes)
 

Sources:

NISTPASS, Nov 2010 page 7,8:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/NISTPASS_Nov2010.pdf#page=7

Why hybrid rice continues to fail Asia's small farmers.
http://www.grain.org/o/?id=100
Syndicate content