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A maturing organic rice sector in Thailand, and other anti-pesticide measures

The growing use and weak regulation of pesticides and chemicals in Thailand has inspired government response to rein in usage and explore alternative farming models.

The Strategic Foresight Group writes,

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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, July 2011 (pg. 18):
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2011.pdf#page=18

Wipatayotin, Apinya. ‘Pesticides levels pose threat to Thai vegetable exports’. Bangkok Post. 26 January 2011. <http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/218184/pesticide-levels-pose-threat-tothai-
vegetable-exports>

Ussavasodhi, Santibhap. ‘Chemical substances weaken health of Thai farmers’. National News Bureau of Thailand Public Relations Department. 30 March 2011.
<http://thainews.prd.go.th/en/news.php?id=255403300006>

‘EU health warning is also for Thai consumers sake’. The Nation. 27 January 2011.
<http://www.nationmultimedia.com/2011/01/27/opinion/EU-health-warning-is-also-for-Thaiconsumers-
sake-30147249.html>

Srivirojana, Nucharee. Theptepa, Thanalak. Punpuing, Suruporn. Guest, Philip. Tun, Khumtong. Chankham, Olarn and Suvarsrual, Apinya. ‘Population Pressure, Utilization of Chemicals in Agriculture, Health Outcomes and Solid Waste Management.’ <http://www.seauema.ait.ac.th/formal/Download/ARL/ISWM_Conference/Tools%20for%20Solid%20Waste%20
Management%20and%20their%20Applications.pdf>

‘The Vegetable Sector of Thailand: A Review’. FAO Corporate Document Repository.
<http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/ac145e/AC145E01.htm>

‘Thailand’. Trading Economics. 2009 .<http://www.tradingeconomics.com/thailand/agriculturalland-sq-km-wb-data.html>

Arunmas, Phusadee. ‘Chamber eyes mandatory GAP for vegetable exports’. Bangkok Post. 18 February 2011. <http://www.bangkokpost.com/business/economics/222221/chamber-eyesmandatory-gap-for-vegetable-exports>

Hee, Tan Siang. ‘Behind the Ban’. Business Report Thailand. 30 April 2011.
<http://www.businessreportthailand.com/thailand-eu-vegetable-ban-12654>

‘Do Farmers in Thailand use Pesticides?’ Washing Soda. 8 October 2010. <
http://www.elsoda.com/soda/do-farmers-in-thailand-use-pesticides/>

Panyakal, Vitoon. ‘Thailand case studies for Organic Agricultural Development’. IFOAM. 2009.
<http://www.ifoam.org/growing_organic/2_policy/case_studies/thailand_organization_lessons.php>

Gordy, Alex. ‘Thailand: Organic growth potential’. Thailand Business News. 18 October 2010.
<http://thailand-business-news.com/economics/27656-thailand-organic-growth-potential

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Universal healthcare decreasing access to health services

Thailand has started universal healthcare in an attempt to provide equal health services to all citizens. This however has been met with some criticism as suddenly the medical system is being overwhelmed with more patients than it can manage, and some barriers to narrowing the divide between rich and poor medical access still remain. At the end of it all however, Noviscape suggest this will result in increasing conflict between patients and physicians.

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Sources:

Noviscape September 2011 pgs. 3-4
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_Sept2011.pdf#page=3

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Thailand's universal healthcare needs better rural reach

Thailand adopted a universal healthcare scheme to help ensure equal provision of health services to all citizens. Although they have come far in terms of improving access to their healthcare system, newer hurdles arise. Currently the main challenge may be categorized as transportation inequalities.

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Aging Southeast Asian Population May Create "Grey Collar" Economy

According to Noviscape, “grey collar workers” will become the fastest growing segment of the workforce in countries such as Singapore and Thailand.
While rapid declining fertility and longer life expectancy are evident in every country in the region, they are aging at different rates.
“Singapore and Thailand have already been categorized as ageing societies since the early 2000s, Cambodia and Laos both have very young populations. The rest of ASEAN member states fall somewhere between these extremes, but are catching up fast.” (pg9)

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From lingerie protest to social enterprise

In the midst of Thailand’s political protests, the labor dispute at Triumph drew wide public attention. The fight began when a group of female workers demanded that the company respected their rights after being laid off, but took an unexpected and unconventional twist, as it led to a different way of doing a business- a social enterprise. The workers set up their own company, Try Arm, pledging to prioritize the well-being of workers, their friends and society, rather than simply focus on profits. Try Arm has subsequently attracted much attention as an alternative business model.

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 15: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=15

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UK & Australia Gov'ts Support Social Entrepreneurship in SE Asia

"The Philippines government launched the Philippines-Australia Community Assistance Program (PACAP), aiming to reduce poverty and achieve sustainable development partly through social entrepreneurship. The program was set up as a grant and mentoring program to help community entrepreneurs develop their community development projects. PACAP has worked with over 500 NGOs and grass-roots organizations to support over a thousand community-based projects, benefiting 250,000 poor people. During its last phase (2005 - 2010) PACAP funded almost 500 more projects.

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 15: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=15


Hamm, Steve. Social Entrepreneurs Turn Business Sense to Good, Business Week, November 2008. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_49/b4111048005937.htm Accessed on 31 January 2011
International Entrepreneurship, ‘Entrepreneurship in Cambodia’, April 2009. Available at http://www.internationalentrepreneurship.com/asia_entrepreneur/cambodia_entrepreneur.asp Accessed on 28 January 2011
Jingga, Intan. Social Entrepreneurship in Small Business. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/34692032/Social-Entrepreneurship-in-Small-BusinessAccessed on 28 January 2011
Mahalingam, Eugene. “Push Needed for Social Entrepreneurship”, StarBizWeek, November 2010. Available at http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/11/6/business/7372284&sec=business Accessed on 28 January 2011
Nabia, Jovel O., Social Entrepreneurship in the Philippines, Business World. October 2010. Available at http://www.bworldonline.com/main/content.php?id=19157 Accessed on 31 January 2011
Pham Kieu Oanh, “Social Enterprise and Community Development Projects”, September 2010. Available at http://vacne.org.vn/en/default.aspx?newsid=513 Accessed on 20 January 2011
Sabrie, Mohamad Mohamad Salleh. Entrepreneurship Survey Among Malaysian Youths 2010. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/28127075/Entrepreneurship-Survey-Among-Malaysian-Youths-2010 Accessed on 28 January 2011
Social Earth, ‘Singapore Launches New Youth Social Entrepreneur Program’, March 2010. Available at http://www.socialearth.org/singapore-launches-new-youth-social-entrepreneur-program# Accessed on 20 January 2011
Tee, Eddie. The Young Do-gooders Who Profit from their Ethics, February 2010. Available at http://www.cnngo.com/singapore/shop/singapores-student-social-entrepreneurs-347424 Accessed on 28 January 2011
www.civilsociety.co.uk
www.socialenterprise.org.uk
www.ashoka.org/social_entrepreneur
www.asiaiix.com
http://pacap.org.ph
http://www.brac.net
http://www.pda.or.th/eng
http://www.changefusion.org

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Palm Oil Waste Can Provide Thailand with Energy, Jobs, Water

Thailand is finding ways to turn a big problem—2.5 million cubic meters of waste water generated from palm oil mills and around 12 million ton fresh fruit bunch (FFB) of waste—into a source of energy, water and employment.

Methane capture projects (MCP) have been established in Krabi and Trang provinces. MCPs recycle the waste water and use the GHGs emitted from the mills to produce electricity, which has supplied 2000 households in the rural areas of Krabi province. MCPs are expected to reduce 90,000 tons of carbon foot print every year.

3
Average: 3 (1 vote)
 

Sources:

SFG June 2011, page 18:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_June 2011.pdf#page=18

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Power Development Fund as strategy to curb resource curse

Thailand is seeking to diversify its natural-gas heavy energy portfolio with coal plants, but recent sour experiences with health hazards and recalcitrant companies have helped block new plants. However, new legislation taxes fossil fuel power generation and returns money for development projects in communities affected by power plant operations.

LKYSPP writes,

1.7625
Average: 1.8 (4 votes)
 

Sources:

LKYSPP Asian Trends Monitoring Bulletin, April 2010, pg 17, 18:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/LKYSPP_apr2010.pdf

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Diasporas Define Singapore's Cultural, Economic Character (and threaten it's national sovreignty)

Singapore is profoundly shaped by both the Singaporean diaspora around the world, and the many diasporic communities from other countries that settle in Singapore.

According to Noviscape, July 2011, the government has recognized the power of the Singaporean diaspora and is attempting to leverage it.

3
Average: 3 (2 votes)
 

Sources:

Noviscape_July2011 page 5, 6, 7:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_July2011.pdf#page=5

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The end of the Thai farmer

First we shifted from hunter gather to farmer, now we’ve shifted from rural to urban living: are we standing on the precipice of the demise of the subsistence and small-scale farmer? Thailand is seeing a stark decline the amount of small farmers, and a sharp increase in the average age of farmers—a sure sign of a changing world.

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Sources:

Strategic Foresight Group, July 2010, pg. 16
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_July2010.pdf#page=16
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