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A strategy for sustainable and equitable ICT deployment

After consideration of existing digital divides and the potential risks of ICT,
LKYSPP recommends six intervention points aimed to spreading benefits of ICT. This pushes a holistic picture of ICT that includes policies, tech infrastructure, and tech literacy. Small and medium enterprises and civil society groups have shown the way.

The Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy writes,

2.01
Average: 2 (1 vote)
 

Sources:

LKYSPP Asian Trends Monitoring Bulletin, December 2010, pg 8-10:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/LKYSPP_Dec2010.pdf

The World Bank. 2010. Employment in agriculture (% of total employment). Retrieved from UNCTAD. 2005. ICT and e-business: what developing countries stand to gain. Issues in Brief, 11, 1-2.

Internet World Stats. 2010. Internet Usage in Asia. Retrieved 20 December 2010 from http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm

Jakarta Globe (2010a) SBY inaugurates ‘Blackout-Free’ Era. July 28. http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/business/sby-inaugurates-blackout-free-era/388131

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ICT in development is a double-edged sword

ICT has been hailed as an engine of innovation and development, but poorly applied, it can reinforce existing inequalities and disproportionally benefit the urban elite.

The Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy writes,

"In large measure, development is a function of the ability of nation-states to engineer innovation, apply technology to economic activities, and increase productivity. ICT thus plays a crucial role in the development equation.

While ICT attracts a relatively low proportion of trade and investment in developing countries compared to traditional sectors such as

3
Average: 3 (2 votes)
 

Sources:

LKYSPP Asian Trends Monitoring Bulletin, December 2010, pg 4:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/LKYSPP_Dec2010.pdf

The World Bank. 2010. Employment in agriculture (% of total employment). Retrieved from

The World Bank. 2010. Employment in agriculture (% of total employment). Retrieved from

UNCTAD. 2005. ICT and e-business: what developing countries stand to
gain. Issues in Brief, 11, 1-2.

Internet World Stats. 2010. Internet Usage in Asia. Retrieved 20 December 2010 from http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm

Jakarta Globe (2010a) SBY inaugurates ‘Blackout-Free’ Era. July 28. http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/business/sby-inaugurates-blackout-free-era/388131

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Inequality is main factor behind continuing poverty

"While conditional cash transfers by governments have a clear effect on poverty reduction, a more sustainable and resilient to economic crisis impact could be achieved by taking into account the multiple dimensions of poverty and applying more spending, targeting and scaling up government efforts. Inequality —by gender, ethnicity and access to education and health services— is the main factor behind continuing poverty.

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Sources:

FORO, October 2010, pg. 2: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_Oct2010.pdf#page=2

CEPAL (2010), “El progreso de América Latina y el Caribe hacia los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio. Desafíos para lograrlos con igualdad. Capítulo II. La erradicación de la pobreza y el hambre: una tarea urgente”. Page 1. Available: http://www.eclac.org/cgi- bin/getProd.asp?xml=/publicaciones/xml/1/39991/P39991.xml&xsl=/tpl/p9f.xsl&base=/tpl/top-bottom.xslt.

PNUD (2010,. “Informe Regional sobre Desarrollo Humano para América Latina y el Caribe 2010”. Page 34. Available: http://www.idhalc- actuarsobreelfuturo.org/site/noticias_012.php.

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Oil creates poverty in Nigeria (Resource curse)

Nigeria experiences a resource curse perhaps worse than any other nation. Oil exploration has enriched corrupt leaders and done deep and sustained harm to local communities for decades:

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Failed international solutions to toxic waste dumping

Toxic waste dumping has been a problem in Africa for decades, and many resolutions and conventions have aimed at addressing it, but there is little evidence that developing nations are sincere in their promises to curb waste export.

Okechukwu Ibeanu of CDD writes,

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Sources:

Searchlight Centre for Democracy and Development, Oct 2010, pg 3
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/CDD_Oct2010.pdf#page=3

C. Hitz and M. Radka in "Environmental negotiation and policy: the Basel Convention on transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and their disposal", International Journal of Environment and Pollution, vol1.1 No.1/2, 1991, p.55.

H. Yakowitiz, , Environmental Science and Technology, 1989, p. 540.

Resolution 1153 (XLVII) of 25 May 1988

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Land Concentration Reconsidered in Latin America

Gonzalo Alcalde notes that in the past year, public discussions of land concentration in Latin America are becoming increasingly common, with possible policy implications in the near future:

1.7625
Average: 1.8 (4 votes)
 

Sources:

FORO, October 2010, page 3. http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_Oct2010.pdf#page=3

See: El Comercio (2010), “El ministerio de agricultura propone una refoerma agraria”, Available: http://www.elcomercio.com/2010-08- 25/Noticias/Pais/Noticias-Secundarias/EC100825P16TIERRAS.aspx [accessed: October, 2010].

See: Eguren, F. (2010) “Cuarenta mil hectareas ¿es poco o mucho?” Available: http://www.larepublica.pe/actualidad-economicafernando- eguren/29/04/2010/40-mil-hectareas-es-poco-o-mucho [Accessed: October, 2010].
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