Saudi Government Invests in Women/Girls' Education
"Saudi Arabia has invested large sums of money in the education sector, and has recently begun placing more emphasis and importance on improving the conditions of female education in the country."
"There are several constraints in furthering female education that are prevalent in Saudi society, and the government is partnering with other sectors to change the situation. Local customs and traditions and early marriages for girls is the biggest cause for drop-outs amongst girls, especially in secondary school. The curriculum in girls’ schools has not been revised in over 20 years."
Arab Women Entrepreneurs: A Growing Phenomenon
“Women-managed businesses are witnessing growing acceptance in Arab societies. Religiously, Arab women have a powerful role model in Prophet Mohammad‟s first wife Khadija, who was a successful trader and businesswoman. A study by the Syria Trust for Development in 2010 revealed that forty percent of men and eighty percent of women held positive attitudes towards entrepreneurship as a career option for women. Around 65 percent of female owned firms were actively managed by the female owner in Syria. Female entrepreneurship is also gathering support at the ministerial level in governments.
Sources:SFG-ME April 2011 pgs. 4-6
The Spread of Nanotechnology in MENA
IBM Research seems to be behind the current movement to develop more nanotechnology centers throughout MENA.
Sources:SFG_ME August 2011 pgs. 8-9
“New Nanotechnology Network established in the Middle East.” Nanowerk Research and General News. Nanowerk. 11 April 2009.
“Proposed IBM centre to provide solutions in water, energy sectors.” Jordan Times. 30 January 2011.
“Nanotechnology and the Environment in the Arab World.” Green Compass Research. 2010.
“Tunisia launches first Nanotech Project‟. Science and Development Network. 11 January 2010.
“Turkish Researchers make nanotechnology Breakthrough.” Hurriyet Daily News. 17 June 2011.
2011-06-17 “Nanotechnology could help Arab Region.” Earthwitness. February 2010.
Gulf Countries invest in ICT, forseeing a post-oil economy
"Since 2002, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries have pooled in a substantial amount of their financial resources to diversify from oil dependent to knowledge-based economies. GCC countries have announced plans to invest around USD180 billion by 2012 in Information Communication Technology (ICT) to fuel their socio-economic growth and diversification.
Sources:The Strategic Foresight Group, Middle-East Edition, May 2011, page 11-13: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_May2011.pdf#page=11
“Alarming rate of unemployment among UAE.” Emiratisation Now. 14 January, 2011. http://www.emiratisationnow.com/2011/01/alarming-rate-of-unemployment-among-uae.html
Dyes, Reena Amos. “GCC looks to ICT parks for economic diversification.” Emirates 24|7. 28 July 2009.
Dubai Internet City and Silicon Oasis employment. Dubai Online. http://www.dubai-online.com/jobs/information-technology.htm
“Employment and Salary Trends in the Gulf 2010-2011”. Gulf Talent. http://www.gulftalent.com/home/Employment-and-Salary-Trends-in-the-Gulf-2010-2011-Report- 26.html
“Meeting the Employment Challenge in GCC”. Booz and Company. http://www.booz.com/media/uploads/Meeting_the_Employment_Challenge_in_the_GCC.pdf
“Next Generation ICT parks bridging the Technology Gap”. Booz and Company. http://www.booz.com/media/uploads/Next_Generation_ICT_Parks.pdf
“ICT clusters keep to future of Middle-East region: DIC Chief”. Gulf in the Media: GCC Press Agencies. 24 October 2009. http://www.gulfinthemedia.com/index.php?m=gcc_press&id=2135344&cnt=205&lang=en&PHP SESSID=8
“Booz Allen Hamilton: ICT parks offer a fast-track development approach for the Middle-east”. AMEinfo. 7 September 2005. http://www.ameinfo.com/66995-more1.html
“Saudi Arabia - towards the Information Society”. Communications and Information Technology Commission, Saudi Arabia. Yesser, Saudi Arabia: e-government program. http://www.yesser.gov.sa/ar/mediacenter/DocLib1/ksa_to_information_society.pdf
Foot on the Gas: Managing Human Resources in the Middle-East. Hewitt Associates. Hewitt Associates.
Kapur, Shuchita. GCC ICT spends to see robust growth in next 3 years. Emirates 24|7. 1 February 2010. http://www.emirates247.com/2.273/uae-economy/gcc-ict-spend-to-see-robust-growth-in-next- three-years-2010-02-01-1.4173
GCC focus the economic challenge ahead. Gulf News: Business| Opinion. 2 January 2011. http://gulfnews.com/business/opinion/gcc-focus-the-economic-challenges-ahead-1.739257
Zain Saudi Arabia to connect people living in remote Saudi towns and villages. http://www.yahind.com/zain-saudi-arabia-to-connect-people-living-in-remote-saudi-towns- villages_5644.html
Al Hima — Traditional Arab Sustainability Practice
"Al Hima, a traditional Arab practice that gradually dissipated in the early 20th century, involves sustainable use of natural resources by local communities in remote and rural areas. The recent resurgence of this ancient tradition in Lebanon and Jordan and efforts to promote it in several other countries in the Middle East will have positive implications for local communities, survival of the Bedouin culture and the environment throughout the region in the coming years.
Sources:The Strategic Foresight Group, Middle-East Edition, May 2011, page 8-9: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_May2011.pdf#page=8
Al-Dimashqiya, Nouna. „The Vanishing Nomads.‟ Syria Today. January 2011. http://www.syria-today.com/index.php/life/13384-the-vanishing-nomads
„Jordan to launch Hima.‟ Petra Jordan News Agency. 5 October 2010. http://www.petra.gov.jo/Public_News/Nws_NewsDetails.aspx?lang=2&site_id=1&NewsID=8206&Type=P
Aburawa, Arwa. „Hima: The Middle East‟s Tradition of Environment Protection.‟ Green Prophet. 18 September 2010.
„The Concept of Hima: Protecting the Environment in Islamic Culture.‟ Yemen Times. 2 August 2010. http://www.yementimes.com/defaultdet.aspx?SUB_ID=34510
Verde. Tom. „A Tradition of Conservation.‟ Saudi Aramco World. November-December 2008. http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200806/a.tradition.of.conservation.htm
Al- Hima: A Way of Life. International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). 2007.
Bedouin Culture. Bedawi.Com. 2007
Egypt Embraces Wind Energy to Reduce Oil Dependence
"Egypt plans to introduce a feed-in-tariff law by 2012, which has the potential to create a competitive market and would guarantee that all sources of renewable energy will be competitive with traditional sources of energy. Thus with the government offering electricity generated by renewable sources at a reduced rate, there is potential for electricity to reach poor rural populations....
Sources:The Strategic Foresight Group, Middle-East Edition, May 2011, page 5-7: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_May2011.pdf#page=5
“Middle East largest wind turbine comes online in Abu Dabi”, Ameinfo Online. 20 January 2008. http://www.ameinfo.com/144256.html
Global Wind Energy Council
“A gust of wind energy in Egypt”, Egyptian Wind Energy Association. 14 July, 2010. http://www.ewindea.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=126:a-gust-of-wind- energy-in-egypt&catid=41:wind-industry&Itemid=68
“Manufacture Wind turbine components in Egypt”, How We Made It in Africa, 26 July, 2010. http://www.howwemadeitinafrica.com/manufacture-wind-turbine-components-in-egypt/155/
Science and Technology Parks could make the Middle East a place of innovation, R&D, and foreign interest
The Strategic Foresight Group writes,
"Over the past few years Science and Technology parks have been sprouting up all over the Middle East: from Egypt and Lebanon in the West, to UAE and Qatar in the East.These parks are attempting to invigorate the spirit of innovation in the Middle East and consequently spark intellectual development.
Sources:The Strategic Foresight Group, Middle-East Edition, July 2010, page 11-12: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_July2010.pdf#page=11
Al-Shobaky, Waleed. ‘The Rise of Middle East Technology Parks.’ The Conscience of a Bit (Blog). 30 October 2007. <http://en.shobakky.org/uae/>
Al Shamsi, Dr. Maitha. ‘Higher Education and Science & Technology Research in the Arab World.’ Gulf News. 11 January, 2004. <http://gulfnews.com/news/gulf/uae/general/highereducation-and-science-and-technology-research-in-the-arab-world-1.310644>
Shehadi, Ramez & Oknayan, Shant. ‘Technology in GCC? It’s a Walk in the Park.’ The National. 20 September 2009.
Atilla, Mustafa. ‘Science and Technology Parks in Turkey.’ Presentation on Innovation and Competitiveness Practitioners Workshop. April 2004.
Hoodbhoy, Pervez. ‘Science and the Islamic World – The quest for rapprochement.’ 2 August 2007 <http://www.chowk.com/articles/12422>
‘MENA Region by Industrial Sector’. United Nations Industrial Development Organization. <http://www.unido.org/index.php?id=o26781>
MENA's aging population could lead to difficult choices
Increasing life expectancy is one of the major indicators of growth and development. The Arab world has seen an increase of 16 years since the mid 70's, but unfortunately have not planned accordingly with needed infrastructure and social services to support a larger retired population. Additionally, traditional family networks are being replaced western style nuclear families making government provided social services more important.
Sources:SFG Middle East Monitor, Sept 2010
demographic window of opportunity: http://rfsearchlight.clearsignals.org/node/142
Fisman, Raymond, Edward Miguel. 2008. Economic Gangsters. Princeton University Press.