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Bibliotheca Alexandrina: A Knowledge and Cultural Beacon in the Middle East

“During the recent uprising in Egypt, the city of Alexandria witnessed fierce violence including the burning down of the provincial government building and state security headquarters. However a rare point of agreement between anti-regime protestors and the government security apparatus was to protect the Bibliotheca Alexandrina (BA). The images of a human barricade shielding the BA during the protests highlight the importance of this institution.

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Youth Labor Training Program improves quality of youth employment in South America

A labor training program aims at improving employment opportunities for youth, who typically are both relatively under-employed and in precarious jobs. The program has already benefited many youth and companies, and the model holds promise for future private sector collaboration.

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Sources:

FORO March 2011 pages 2-3:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_Mar2011.pdf#page=2

Diaz, J. and M. Jaramillo (2006), An evaluation of the Peruvian Youth labor training program PROJOVEN, Office of Evaluation and Oversight Working Paper OVE/WP-10/06).

See for example: http://www.eluniversal.com.co/cartagena/internacional/jovenes-desemplead... and http://www.clarin.com/mundo/Jovenes-educados-vanguardia-rebelion-popular...

Organización Internacional del Trabajo (2010), Trabajo decente y juventud en América Latina, Lima OIT: Proyecto Promoción del Empleo Juvenil en América Latina (Prejal). Available in http://prejal.oit.org.pe/prejal/docs/TDJ_AL_2010FINAL.pdf

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Three trends in youth employment highlight vulnerabilities in South America

Data from national surveys shows that the situation for youth employment in South America is precarious, and partly in light of Middle East instability, governments need to implement public-private measures to improve labor conditions for youth.

Fernando Prada of FORO writes,

Data from national surveys confirms that South American labor markets have improved along with the economies in the region. Table 1 shows three trends in labor markets for youths.

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Sources:

FORO March 2011 pages 2-3:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_Mar2011.pdf#page=2

Diaz, J. and M. Jaramillo (2006), An evaluation of the Peruvian Youth labor training program PROJOVEN, Office of Evaluation and Oversight Working Paper OVE/WP-10/06).

See for example: http://www.eluniversal.com.co/cartagena/internacional/jovenes-desempleados-son-el-rostro-de-protestas-enmedio-oriente-6599 and http://www.clarin.com/mundo/Jovenes-educados-vanguardia-rebelion-popular_0_430757030.html

Organización Internacional del Trabajo (2010), Trabajo decente y juventud en América Latina, Lima OIT: Proyecto Promoción del Empleo Juvenil en América Latina (Prejal). Available in http://prejal.oit.org.pe/prejal/docs/TDJ_AL_2010FINAL.pdf

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A rich ecosystem for micro-entrepreneurs in Peru, Columbia, Chile

Some market-oriented countries, particularly Peru, have created a lending climate supportive of micro-enterprise, not only opening financing channels but including advisory and incubator services. This can help create employment opportunities for educated youth.

Fernando Prada of FORO writes,

1.02
Average: 1 (1 vote)
 

Sources:

FORO March 2011 pages 2-3:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_Mar2011.pdf#page=2

Diaz, J. and M. Jaramillo (2006), An evaluation of the Peruvian Youth labor training program PROJOVEN, Office of Evaluation and Oversight Working Paper OVE/WP-10/06).

See for example: http://www.eluniversal.com.co/cartagena/internacional/jovenes-desempleados-son-el-rostro-de-protestas-enmedio-oriente-6599 and http://www.clarin.com/mundo/Jovenes-educados-vanguardia-rebelion-popular_0_430757030.html

Organización Internacional del Trabajo (2010), Trabajo decente y juventud en América Latina, Lima OIT: Proyecto Promoción del Empleo Juvenil en América Latina (Prejal). Available in http://prejal.oit.org.pe/prejal/docs/TDJ_AL_2010FINAL.pdf

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Youth in SE Asia Embrace Social Enterprise

"In Malaysia a survey distributed to 6,488 young Facebook users showed that 75 per cent of youths considered themselves as social entrepreneurs aiming for both profits and social objectives (people and environment).

"In the Philippines, one of most well-recognized social enterprises in the country - Rags2Riches (R2R) - was set up by a group of students and young professionals....

Implications from Noviscape:

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 3-4: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=3

Hamm, Steve. Social Entrepreneurs Turn Business Sense to Good, Business Week, November 2008. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_49/b4111048005937.htm Accessed on 31 January 2011
International Entrepreneurship, ‘Entrepreneurship in Cambodia’, April 2009. Available at http://www.internationalentrepreneurship.com/asia_entrepreneur/cambodia_entrepreneur.asp Accessed on 28 January 2011
Jingga, Intan. Social Entrepreneurship in Small Business. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/34692032/Social-Entrepreneurship-in-Small-BusinessAccessed on 28 January 2011
Mahalingam, Eugene. “Push Needed for Social Entrepreneurship”, StarBizWeek, November 2010. Available at http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/11/6/business/7372284&sec=business Accessed on 28 January 2011
Nabia, Jovel O., Social Entrepreneurship in the Philippines, Business World. October 2010. Available at http://www.bworldonline.com/main/content.php?id=19157 Accessed on 31 January 2011
Pham Kieu Oanh, “Social Enterprise and Community Development Projects”, September 2010. Available at http://vacne.org.vn/en/default.aspx?newsid=513 Accessed on 20 January 2011
Sabrie, Mohamad Mohamad Salleh. Entrepreneurship Survey Among Malaysian Youths 2010. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/28127075/Entrepreneurship-Survey-Among-Malaysian-Youths-2010 Accessed on 28 January 2011
Social Earth, ‘Singapore Launches New Youth Social Entrepreneur Program’, March 2010. Available at http://www.socialearth.org/singapore-launches-new-youth-social-entrepreneur-program# Accessed on 20 January 2011
Tee, Eddie. The Young Do-gooders Who Profit from their Ethics, February 2010. Available at http://www.cnngo.com/singapore/shop/singapores-student-social-entrepreneurs-347424 Accessed on 28 January 2011
www.civilsociety.co.uk
www.socialenterprise.org.uk
www.ashoka.org/social_entrepreneur
www.asiaiix.com
http://pacap.org.ph
http://www.brac.net
http://www.pda.or.th/eng
http://www.changefusion.org

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Exportable labor: an unemployment solution

"In June 2010 Kenya's Sports and Youth Affairs minister announced that Kenya would send at least 10,000 youths to work abroad under the government's plan to check youth unemployment. She told parliament that 390 young people had been employed in war-torn Iraq and Afghanistan under the programme established in 2008.

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Curbing Dangers of West African Youth Bulge

Like much of the world, West Africa is facing a youth bulge. "With a current population of over 300 million, West Africa is faced with this dilemma of either benefitting from a huge population of which 60 percent is said to be below the age of 20, or pay the price of failure.

3
Average: 3 (2 votes)
 

Sources:

Center for Democracy and Development, Nov. 2010 pg. 11:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/CDD_Nov2010.pdf#page=11

Paul Collier, “Economic Causes of Civil Conflict and Their Implications for Policy,” chapter 12 in Crocker, Hampson, and Aall, Leashing the Dogs of War

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Sanitary napkin vending machines spreading in India

Sanitary napkin vending machines have been installed in five schools in Nagaland, signaling that the technology, first widely used in Tamil Nadu, is spreading throughout the country.

Intellecap writes,

1.68
Average: 1.7 (3 votes)
 

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Africa's newly educated class

On Sept. 6th, 2010 the first African Student Leadership Summit took place at the University of Cape Town in South Africa.

Many Africa Colonizers made a point of keeping the local population under-educated to ensure docility. As a result, when African countries gained their independence they were left with a political and economic framework designed by the West, and few citizens who had the experience or education to manage their newly inherited country.

About 50 years after most countries gained their independence the first African Student Leadership Summit took place.

2.2575
Average: 2.3 (8 votes)
 

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MENA's demographic window of opportunity

MENA's population is currently about 50% below 24 years of age. By 2030 this youth bulge is expected to shift to constitute MENA's working age population. By 2030, 50% of MENA's population will be from 24 to 65 years of age. MENA will be in a special 'window of opportunity' wherein there will be an even split between working population and dependents. After 2030 the dependency ratio is expected to rise again.

2.2575
Average: 2.3 (4 votes)
 

Sources:

SFG Middle East Monitor, Sept 2010:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_Sept2010.pdf
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