Functional Literacy Programs and regional cooperation help some South American countries prepare for youth bulge
A combination of simple and low-cost, information technology, community participation, and continuous training has effectively reduced functional illiteracy rates in Cuba, and it holds promise for Latin America, where a coming youth bulge combined with functional illiteracy could radically hurt economic development and participation in democratic governance. Regional cooperation seems to be helping Bolivia, and more coordination could bring huge gains.
Sources:FORO Nacional/Internacional, April 2011, page 6-7: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/FORO_Apr2011_Letter.pdf#page=6
India to launch vocational education program
India’s Human Resources Development Minister announced that a vocational education program targeting students in grades 8-12 would be launched soon. “Colleges and universities in the country need to develop specialized courses as institutes in India are not producing skilled graduates who can be employed in industries and factories,” said the Minister.
Sources:Intellecap May 2011 page 13:
Future of India Could Hinge on Skills Training for Youth
According to Intellecap, in the next 20 years, India will add "250 million people to its working age population, compared to 18 million in Brazil and 10 million in China" (in the same time period).
India has the "highest number of young people in the world at 84.5 million (44% of the global youth population)who live in 'extreme poverty.' Further, 44 million (23% of world youth population)... are under-nourished."
Both the private and public sector, and sometimes the two in collaboration with one another, see opportunity to give these youth skills.
Sources:Intellecap May 2011 page 4, 5, 6:
What’s up with Jobless Growth?
As most of the developing world seems to be facing a youth bulge in the coming decade combined with already massive amounts of unemployment, the new trend of jobless growth in South Africa is troublesome.
“An inaugural OECD Economic Survey of South Africa, released in July stated that South Africa’s economy needs to grow by 5% a year in order to turn the tide against unemployment which is ‘especially acute for the young.’” In the report the OECD stated that increasing unemployment is one of the major challenges of South Africa.
Sources:South Africa Node July 2010, pg. 2
More on South Africa’s jobless growth:
Link to “Demise or Resilience.” A fee is required to access full article.
Curbing Dangers of West African Youth Bulge
Like much of the world, West Africa is facing a youth bulge. "With a current population of over 300 million, West Africa is faced with this dilemma of either benefitting from a huge population of which 60 percent is said to be below the age of 20, or pay the price of failure.
Sources:Center for Democracy and Development, Nov. 2010 pg. 11:
Paul Collier, “Economic Causes of Civil Conflict and Their Implications for Policy,” chapter 12 in Crocker, Hampson, and Aall, Leashing the Dogs of War
MENA's demographic window of opportunity
MENA's population is currently about 50% below 24 years of age. By 2030 this youth bulge is expected to shift to constitute MENA's working age population. By 2030, 50% of MENA's population will be from 24 to 65 years of age. MENA will be in a special 'window of opportunity' wherein there will be an even split between working population and dependents. After 2030 the dependency ratio is expected to rise again.
Sources:SFG Middle East Monitor, Sept 2010: