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ICT in development is a double-edged sword

ICT has been hailed as an engine of innovation and development, but poorly applied, it can reinforce existing inequalities and disproportionally benefit the urban elite.

The Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy writes,

"In large measure, development is a function of the ability of nation-states to engineer innovation, apply technology to economic activities, and increase productivity. ICT thus plays a crucial role in the development equation.

While ICT attracts a relatively low proportion of trade and investment in developing countries compared to traditional sectors such as

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Average: 3 (2 votes)
 

Sources:

LKYSPP Asian Trends Monitoring Bulletin, December 2010, pg 4:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/LKYSPP_Dec2010.pdf

The World Bank. 2010. Employment in agriculture (% of total employment). Retrieved from

The World Bank. 2010. Employment in agriculture (% of total employment). Retrieved from

UNCTAD. 2005. ICT and e-business: what developing countries stand to
gain. Issues in Brief, 11, 1-2.

Internet World Stats. 2010. Internet Usage in Asia. Retrieved 20 December 2010 from http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats3.htm

Jakarta Globe (2010a) SBY inaugurates ‘Blackout-Free’ Era. July 28. http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/business/sby-inaugurates-blackout-free-era/388131

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Green Inovation in Israel Could Be Development Model

"Israel’s strategy to use technology to address the deficit of water, energy and other resources is set to create a new model for social development. A new method of drip irrigation that measures the precise amount of water required by each plant will cut consumption in the agricultural sector by more than 50% in the next 10-15 years. The use of nano-technology will reduce the cost of desalination and wastewater treatment, while a new grid for battery stations across the country will phase out cars run on petrol."

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Sources:

SFG-ME December 2010 pgs. 8-10
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_Dec2010.pdf#pg=8

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Community’s ‘fish bank’ model saving their biodiversity and fishing livelihoods

“The small initiatives taken by the Tomia fishermen community in the southeast of Sulawesi in Indonesia have succeeded in conserving the biodiversity of the area… Komunto, a community-based organization, was formed by fishermen from East Tomia and Wakatobi districts in Indonesia in response to the widespread coral damage of the Wakatobi National Park (WNP), primarily from fishing pressures. Approximately 100,000 people live within the boundaries of WNP; therefore local fishing pressure is high.

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Sources:

SFG January 2011 pgs. 10-11
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_Jan2011.pdf#pg=10

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Solar Irrigation Technology in Bangladesh

“In Bangladesh, the introduction of solar water pumps, which are manufactured using locally available technologies, will not only help poor and marginal farmers increase their yield but also bring down their agricultural production costs substantially in the next 20 years.

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Private Sector Partners with Jordanian Government to Improve National Education

In what must be a fairly innovative move the Jordanian government has partnered with the private sector, among others, to improve national education levels. Having seen the importance of a well educated populace for increased profits, which will lead to more development, and in turn even more profits, the private sector has seen investing in education as part a long-term growth strategy.

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Sources:

SFG-ME July 2011 pgs. 2-3
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_July2011.pdf#page=2

“Higher Education and the Middle East: Building Institutional Partnerships.” The Middle East Institute. December 2010.
http://www.mei.edu/Publications/WebPublications/Viewpoints/ViewpointsArchive/tabid/541/ctl/Detail/mid/1623/xmid/1494/xmfid/11/Default.aspxwww.strategicforesight.com

Ghazal, Mohammad. “Education Reform Project Enters Second Stage.” Jordan Times. 29 July, 2010. http://www.jordantimes.com/index.php?news=28725

Nassej-Community Youth Development Initiative.
http://www.naseej-cyd.org/index.php

Madrasati: Queen Rania Initiative.
http://www.madrasati.jo/site.html

His Majesty King Abdulla Official Website. http://www.kingabdullah.jo/index.php/en_US/initiatives/view/id/81.html

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Tefen Industrial Park; Israeli entrepreneurship incubator

Israel has taken a holistic approach to development through innovation and entrepreneurship. Below is a short description of Tefen Industrial Park an innovation incubator.

“Established by Stef Wertheimer in 1982, the Tefen Industrial Park emerged from a holistic concept of economic development, where Wertheimer stresses the importance of economic development as a means for developing a country.

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Sources:

SFG_ME August 2011 pgs. 2-3
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_Aug2011.pdf#page=2

Wrobel, Sharon. “Wertheimer to build Tefen-style industrial park in Nazareth”. The Jerusalem Post. 14 October, 2009.
http://www.jpost.com/Business/Article.aspx?id=157495www.strategicforesight.com

Kloosterman, Karin. “Wertheimer ushers Israeli Arabs into the Global village.” Huffington Post. 1December, 2009.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/karin-kloosterman/stef-wertheimer-ushers-is_b_374915.html

Simmons, Debbie, “The Tefen Model: Industrial Development for Economic Independence”
http://www.omuseums.org.il/data//The_Tefen_Model_Book.pdf

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Paying kids to go to school

“Appalled by the state of infrastructure in public schools and the rote learning that was unlikely to really develop critical thinking skills in children, Shehzad Roy, a popular singer in Pakistan, established the Zindagi Trust in 2002. Through the trust’s initiatives, he aims to provide quality education to Pakistan’s underprivileged children. One of the trust’s early initiatives – ‘I am paid to learn’ – seeks to bring working children back to school. Working children gain basic and functional literacy skills over 26 months and earn a monetary reward on graduation.

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Solving feminine hygiene needs and providing grassroots economic growth at the same time

The inability of women living in poverty to purchase feminine hygiene products while menstruating is a major challenge for poor communities. Not only does it provide a source of humiliation for many women, but it drastically cuts down on their productiveness. Inventor Arunachalam Muruganantham of India has invented a machine the produces low cost sanitary napkins to women and provides a business opportunity.

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Turning acid mine drainage into a solution for water and energy shortages

“According to Dr Anthony Turton, director of Touchstone Resources, consideration should be given to studying the economic feasibility of ‘mining’ South Africa’s problematic acid mine drainage (AMD) and wastewater (mentioned in the December 2010 Scan) for metals, minerals, salt and even hydrogen. Turton is a protagonist not only of ‘mining’ AMD, but also the water in sewage works and obtaining phosphate, which is crucial for food security, as a by product. Turton favours consideration being given to the use of ion-exchange technology to remove the metals and minerals.

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Sources:

South Africa Node, April 2011, Pgs. 8 – 9
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SANode_April2011.pdf#page=8

http://www.miningweekly.com/article/south-africas-acid-mine-drainagewaste-water-is-mineable-turton-2011-01-20

TouchStone website:
http://www.touchstoneresources.co.za/ .

See the January / February 2011 edition of Water Wheel magazine for a comprehensive overview and background of AMD.
http://www.wrc.org.za/Pages/KH_WaterWheel.aspx?dt=4&ms=55;

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Trans-border tourism parks expected to promote regional stability, environmental conservation, and development

In an innovative move Southern African countries have charted out a trans-border tourism park in the hopes of creating increased stability, environmental protection, and development.

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Sources:

SA Node April 2011, pgs. 4-5
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SANode_April2011.pdf#page=4

Source: http://www.portalangop.co.ao/motix/en_us/noticias/economia/2011/3/17/Angola-avails-000-
square-kilometres-land-for-tourist-project,b98cfa94-66c9-469c-b43d-0cd251b90e3b.html

For more information about the Okavango/Zambeze, aka Kavango/Zambezi (Kaza) project:
http://www.peaceparks.org/tfca.php?pid=27&mid=1008

For more information about the Wildlife Management and Tourism colleges.
http://www.peaceparks.org/story.php?pid=100&mid=28
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