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In India, AIDS Risk Crosses Political Borders

"India’s AIDS epidemic has decreased drastically in the last decade. Yet... the deadly virus is highly concentrated in urban poor communities . Most vulnerable are sex workers and migrant laborers as well as their home
communities—often in rural areas or neighboring countries."
"Sex workers, largely teenage girls or younger from Nepal, are trafficked to the streets of India’s cities . One study found that more than 40% of Nepali sex workers tested HIV positive and that the number of the infected has increased 24-fold in the decade 1992-2002.

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Aging Southeast Asian Population May Create "Grey Collar" Economy

According to Noviscape, “grey collar workers” will become the fastest growing segment of the workforce in countries such as Singapore and Thailand.
While rapid declining fertility and longer life expectancy are evident in every country in the region, they are aging at different rates.
“Singapore and Thailand have already been categorized as ageing societies since the early 2000s, Cambodia and Laos both have very young populations. The rest of ASEAN member states fall somewhere between these extremes, but are catching up fast.” (pg9)

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RIse of the "Feminized Sector" in Southeast Asia

Governments in some countries in Asia are turning to immigrant labor to meet the needs of their aging populations. According to Noviscape, traditionally, migrant labor in the region was predominantly male, "the supply has increased due to farm mechanization and the lack of available jobs in their home countries. As a result, large numbers of young rural women have been forced out of their home villages to take unskilled or low-skilled work in cities in their own countries, or overseas."

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Egypt Embraces Wind Energy to Reduce Oil Dependence

"Egypt plans to introduce a feed-in-tariff law by 2012, which has the potential to create a competitive market and would guarantee that all sources of renewable energy will be competitive with traditional sources of energy. Thus with the government offering electricity generated by renewable sources at a reduced rate, there is potential for electricity to reach poor rural populations....

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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, Middle-East Edition, May 2011, page 5-7: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_May2011.pdf#page=5

“Middle East largest wind turbine comes online in Abu Dabi”, Ameinfo Online. 20 January 2008. http://www.ameinfo.com/144256.html

Global Wind Energy Council
http://www.gwec.net/index.php?id=18

“A gust of wind energy in Egypt”, Egyptian Wind Energy Association. 14 July, 2010. http://www.ewindea.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=126:a-gust-of-wind- energy-in-egypt&catid=41:wind-industry&Itemid=68

“Manufacture Wind turbine components in Egypt”, How We Made It in Africa, 26 July, 2010. http://www.howwemadeitinafrica.com/manufacture-wind-turbine-components-in-egypt/155/

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Farmers get SMS "Blue Line" on Nile Delta

"Mobile technology is helping Egyptian farmers in the Nile Delta region to manage scarce water resources more efficiently. A joint partnership between Ministry of Water Resources, GTZ (now GIZ) and Mobinil, largest mobile operator in Egypt launched a service called „Blue Line‟ to improve communication. This service involves establishing hotline between officials and farmers in the region. It also disseminates messages from officials regarding water supply and allocation to all mobile phones in the region with a „one touch‟ feature, that sends instant messages through a single button click."

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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, Middle-East Edition, May 2011, page 3: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_May2011.pdf#page=3

Arab Media Outlook 2009-13, Dubai Press Club. 2010 Poor Places, Thriving People: MENA Development Report 2010. „60% of Arab Population in MENA Region to be Online by 2020.‟Ameinfo, 24 February 2011.
http://www.ameinfo.com/257469.html

„Middle East Mobile Subscription cross 200 Million Mark.‟ Informa Telecom and Media. 1 December 2010. http://www.informatm.com/itmgcontent/icoms/whats- new/20017830356.html;jsessionid=8EB882E6EB03B5498322CD728E9410DA.99bca588987beecd78 97fbeafca2dc7da5b1421d

„Wataniya Mobile IPO Open Now For Subscription.‟ Palestine Investment Fund. 7 November 2010.
http://www.pif.ps/index.php?lang=en&page=our_news&news_item=128914498911724

„Text Messaging helps Thousands of Iraqi Refugees in Syria Receive UN Food Aid.‟ ICT Statistics Newslog. 5 October 2010.
http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/newslog/Text+Messaging+Helps+Thousands+Of+Iraqi+Refugees+In+Syria+Receive+UN+Food+Aid+Syria+Iraq.aspx

„Overcoming Exclusion and Promoting Employment Using Mobile-Phone Technology.‟ Arab World Social Innovators Programme.
http://www.synergos.org/bios/mohammedalkilany.htm

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Mobile App fights Palestinian Unemployment

"In Palestine, Souktel introduced an innovative mobile technology application in West Bank to tackle unemployment especially among the youth. Job-seekers can upload their “mini CVs” on mobile phones and send it to prospective employers. They also receive regular updates on employment opportunities. At least 400-500 unemployed youth in the age group of 18-25 use this service every month. The Souktel innovation has been a success in Palestine as 80 per cent of the population in West Bank have mobile phones, while only 20 per cent of the population has access to internet.

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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, Middle-East Edition, May 2011, page 3: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_May2011.pdf#page=3

Souktel Site:
http://www.souktel.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=379:january-2011&catid=34:latest-news&Itemid=145

„Overcoming Exclusion and Promoting Employment Using Mobile-Phone Technology.‟ Arab World Social Innovators Programme.
http://www.synergos.org/bios/mohammedalkilany.htm

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Motorcycles a Major Pollutant in Vietnam, Water Transport a Potential Solution

Motorcycles are a major source of transportation in Vietnam, and they look to become even more ubiquitous in the coming years. While the economy is growing, its unlikely most citizens will be able to afford cars and they are likely to opt instead for motorcycles. However, this comes with huge environmental and safety consequences.

While there are potential solutions, including bicycle infrastructure and water transportation, government response has been tepid, documents indicate, because they see rising sea levels and fresh water shortages as greater environmental threats. From SFG:

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Sources:

SFG June 2011, page 16, 17:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_June 2011.pdf#page=16

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Vietnam Brings Vocational Training to its Poverty Stricken Regions

The Northern Mountainous and Central regions of Vietnam have a population of 2.4 million, of which 1.3 million are employable. However, only around 9% of the people are high school graduates.

"The government... is providing vocational education to the people of the region, which will provide opportunities for rural unskilled workers to take up skilled employment. Till November 2009, nearly 3000 laborers were trained for specific skills such as welding, tourism, hospitality and construction in the vocational institutes."

Implications:

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Sources:

SFG June 2011, page 14:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_June 2011.pdf#page=14

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Gender Disparities in Wages, Work and Vocational Training in Indonesia

There is are large gender disparities in the work world in Indonesia. These disparities are also present in the vocational education system, and they may ultimately make the government push towards vocational education ineffective.

Work world:
"The wage structure of women workers has increased, [but] it is still significantly lower, 78% of what men make on an average."

"The unemployment rate for women is higher than that of men. In 2009, the unemployment rate for women was 8.47% as compared to that of men at 7.5%."

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Sources:

SFG June 2011, page 14:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_June 2011.pdf#page=14

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Mapping, Digitizing Records Fight Corruption, Aid in Proper Distribution of Land to the Poor in Bangladesh

Land disputes area major issue in Bangladesh. The government has a program to redistribute land to the landless, but, due to mismanagement and massive corruption, many do not receive their land and end up in court—it's estimated that more than "3.2 million land-related cases are pending before the judiciary."

This figure doesn't account for large number of poor people who "do not even escalate matters to the level of litigation."

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Sources:

SFG June 2011, page 8:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_June 2011.pdf#page=8
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