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Migration of Seniors a Future Force in Southeast Asia, Could Create "Universal Design" Cities

Seniors are migrating around Southeast Asia, some to retire and some to find work. This creates a potential for Universal Design cities—built environments designed to be usable by anyone regardless of disability.

While Noviscape does mention "senior Singaporeans... finding employment as highly-skilled professionals, entrepreneurs, and investors in Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and China" it mostly
discusses those traveling to retire:

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Aging Southeast Asian Population May Create "Grey Collar" Economy

According to Noviscape, “grey collar workers” will become the fastest growing segment of the workforce in countries such as Singapore and Thailand.
While rapid declining fertility and longer life expectancy are evident in every country in the region, they are aging at different rates.
“Singapore and Thailand have already been categorized as ageing societies since the early 2000s, Cambodia and Laos both have very young populations. The rest of ASEAN member states fall somewhere between these extremes, but are catching up fast.” (pg9)

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Shadow of Bin Laden hangs over Africa and Middle East

"There seems to be a universal consensus on the fact that al Qaeda is here amongst us and cannot simply be blown away. Considering that, al Qaeda had carried out 6 major attacks, 4 of which were against America, each attack taking years to prepare, the red alerts on travels and American embassies abroad placed immediately after Osama's death is bound to be one of so many that would follow as reprisal attacks are likely not to be immediate. Sadly, America is not the only country that has to worry for al Qaeda and what it stands for.

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Sources:

Searchlight Centre for Democracy and Development, May 2011, pg 8:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/CDD_May2011.pdf#page=8


http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/fr ontline/shows/binladen/who/bio.ht ml http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al- Qaeda http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/
1 3 / b o o k s / r e v i e w / A j a m i - t.html?pagewanted=2&_r=1
Book Review Osama Bin Laden By Micheal Scheuer - nytimes.com http://www.nytimes.com/2011/
02/13/books/review/Ajami- t.html
h t t p : / / w w w . a f r i k - n e w s . com/article18310.html
TELL Bin Laden's Men in Nigeria
- May 16, 2011-05-19 by
Anayochukwu Ogba
THISDAY The Age of Osama Bin Laden Chidi Amuta PG 64 http://qyyobtrue.hautetfort.co m / a r c h i ve / 2 0 1 1 / 0 5 / 3 0 / a l - qaeda-has-sleeper-cells-across- west-africa-experts.html

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"Pay with Service" Model for Businesses Serving Urban Poor

"...the need for housing by the growing population will force firms and entrepreneurs to use new business models to provide very low cost housing. Informal settlers occupying idle or vacant lands in the city can be assisted by providing low cost housing infrastructure. Tenants are now being involved in the construction of housing facilities, reducing labor costs. Volunteerism and active involvement of the community is seen as part of the solution to Asia’s housing problems.

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 7: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=7

Asian Development Bank (2008) Government Poverty Reduction Programs. Chapter 7 from Poverty in the Philippines retrieved from www.adb.org/Document/BooksPoverty-in-the-Philippines/chapter7.pdf on August 8, 2008.
Choe, K & Laquian (2008) City Cluster Development: Toward an Urban-Led Development Strategy for Asia.
Gawad Kalinga: http://www.gk1world.com/
Impact Investment Exchange Asia (IIX): http://www.asiaiix.com/
Pier One Seafarers’ Dormitory in the Philippines (2010). Retrieved from http://proxied.changemakers.net/journal/300606/displayhousing1.cfm-ID=96 on April 28, 2010.
Pralahad, C.K., and Allen Hammond (2002) Serving the World’s Poor Profitably. Harvard Business Review, Vol. 80 No. 9.
United Nations Development Program (2008) Creating Value for All: Strategies for doing business with the poor.
UN DESA (2009) July 2009 estimate by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

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Youth in SE Asia Embrace Social Enterprise

"In Malaysia a survey distributed to 6,488 young Facebook users showed that 75 per cent of youths considered themselves as social entrepreneurs aiming for both profits and social objectives (people and environment).

"In the Philippines, one of most well-recognized social enterprises in the country - Rags2Riches (R2R) - was set up by a group of students and young professionals....

Implications from Noviscape:

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 3-4: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=3

Hamm, Steve. Social Entrepreneurs Turn Business Sense to Good, Business Week, November 2008. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_49/b4111048005937.htm Accessed on 31 January 2011
International Entrepreneurship, ‘Entrepreneurship in Cambodia’, April 2009. Available at http://www.internationalentrepreneurship.com/asia_entrepreneur/cambodia_entrepreneur.asp Accessed on 28 January 2011
Jingga, Intan. Social Entrepreneurship in Small Business. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/34692032/Social-Entrepreneurship-in-Small-BusinessAccessed on 28 January 2011
Mahalingam, Eugene. “Push Needed for Social Entrepreneurship”, StarBizWeek, November 2010. Available at http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/11/6/business/7372284&sec=business Accessed on 28 January 2011
Nabia, Jovel O., Social Entrepreneurship in the Philippines, Business World. October 2010. Available at http://www.bworldonline.com/main/content.php?id=19157 Accessed on 31 January 2011
Pham Kieu Oanh, “Social Enterprise and Community Development Projects”, September 2010. Available at http://vacne.org.vn/en/default.aspx?newsid=513 Accessed on 20 January 2011
Sabrie, Mohamad Mohamad Salleh. Entrepreneurship Survey Among Malaysian Youths 2010. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/28127075/Entrepreneurship-Survey-Among-Malaysian-Youths-2010 Accessed on 28 January 2011
Social Earth, ‘Singapore Launches New Youth Social Entrepreneur Program’, March 2010. Available at http://www.socialearth.org/singapore-launches-new-youth-social-entrepreneur-program# Accessed on 20 January 2011
Tee, Eddie. The Young Do-gooders Who Profit from their Ethics, February 2010. Available at http://www.cnngo.com/singapore/shop/singapores-student-social-entrepreneurs-347424 Accessed on 28 January 2011
www.civilsociety.co.uk
www.socialenterprise.org.uk
www.ashoka.org/social_entrepreneur
www.asiaiix.com
http://pacap.org.ph
http://www.brac.net
http://www.pda.or.th/eng
http://www.changefusion.org

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UK & Australia Gov'ts Support Social Entrepreneurship in SE Asia

"The Philippines government launched the Philippines-Australia Community Assistance Program (PACAP), aiming to reduce poverty and achieve sustainable development partly through social entrepreneurship. The program was set up as a grant and mentoring program to help community entrepreneurs develop their community development projects. PACAP has worked with over 500 NGOs and grass-roots organizations to support over a thousand community-based projects, benefiting 250,000 poor people. During its last phase (2005 - 2010) PACAP funded almost 500 more projects.

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 15: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=15


Hamm, Steve. Social Entrepreneurs Turn Business Sense to Good, Business Week, November 2008. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_49/b4111048005937.htm Accessed on 31 January 2011
International Entrepreneurship, ‘Entrepreneurship in Cambodia’, April 2009. Available at http://www.internationalentrepreneurship.com/asia_entrepreneur/cambodia_entrepreneur.asp Accessed on 28 January 2011
Jingga, Intan. Social Entrepreneurship in Small Business. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/34692032/Social-Entrepreneurship-in-Small-BusinessAccessed on 28 January 2011
Mahalingam, Eugene. “Push Needed for Social Entrepreneurship”, StarBizWeek, November 2010. Available at http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/11/6/business/7372284&sec=business Accessed on 28 January 2011
Nabia, Jovel O., Social Entrepreneurship in the Philippines, Business World. October 2010. Available at http://www.bworldonline.com/main/content.php?id=19157 Accessed on 31 January 2011
Pham Kieu Oanh, “Social Enterprise and Community Development Projects”, September 2010. Available at http://vacne.org.vn/en/default.aspx?newsid=513 Accessed on 20 January 2011
Sabrie, Mohamad Mohamad Salleh. Entrepreneurship Survey Among Malaysian Youths 2010. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/28127075/Entrepreneurship-Survey-Among-Malaysian-Youths-2010 Accessed on 28 January 2011
Social Earth, ‘Singapore Launches New Youth Social Entrepreneur Program’, March 2010. Available at http://www.socialearth.org/singapore-launches-new-youth-social-entrepreneur-program# Accessed on 20 January 2011
Tee, Eddie. The Young Do-gooders Who Profit from their Ethics, February 2010. Available at http://www.cnngo.com/singapore/shop/singapores-student-social-entrepreneurs-347424 Accessed on 28 January 2011
www.civilsociety.co.uk
www.socialenterprise.org.uk
www.ashoka.org/social_entrepreneur
www.asiaiix.com
http://pacap.org.ph
http://www.brac.net
http://www.pda.or.th/eng
http://www.changefusion.org

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Emergence of Private Security Organizations in West Africa

"In the sub region, the recent trend in privatising security can be seen with the emergence of 'high walls, massive gates, uniformed security men and ferocious dogs' . Private security organisations can be discussed under two broad groups, namely: organised private security organisations such as private security companies that are registered as business ventures and are established with the aim of making profits.

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Sources:

Searchlight Centre for Democracy and Development, May 2011, pg 3:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/CDD_May2011.pdf#page=3

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Increased Access to Education, Skilled Jobs Leads to Declining Marriage, Fertility in Southeast Asia

In Southeast Asia, as women achieve higher levels of education and enter skilled jobs, marriage and fertility rates are declining.

From Noviscape:

"Countries demonstrating the trend toward delayed marriage include Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, Singapore and, to a lesser extent, Indonesia."

"Fertility is also on the decline... especially among the ethnic Chinese and Indians (for example in Singapore and Malaysia), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, and most of Indonesia."

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Activism Drives Tech Adoption in Thailand

"Thailand’s Red Shirts offer an example of digital immigrants that parallels the rise of other political groups in the region. In July 2009, laborers, and motorcycle taxi drivers who had never previously use computers, subscribed to twitter in order to vote for Thaksin Shinawatra in the “Twitter Wall of Fame” competition."

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Citizen Oversight of Government Spending via Mobile Phones and Social Media in Indonesia

"In Kupang, a city in West Timor, Indonesia, a civil group cooperates with a local newspaper and women in the villages to monitor budget spending in each village and also give feedback on local government policies, using mobile SMS and Facebook. Public policy is summarized and posted on printed newspaper, and people give feedback via SMS or Facebook. Selected comments are published in the printed newspaper."

Implications:

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