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Formalization of the Social Sector

"An organization of social businesses has slowly evolved over time in the free and fiercely competitive Asia-Pacific market. Social enterprise represents a current organizational set-up, while an unpopular cooperative can be considered as the first wave of social entrepreneurial organization (Curl, 2009).

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 11: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=11


Bessant, J. and Caffyn,S. (1997) High involvement innovation, International Journal of Technology Management, Vol:14, Pages:7-28
Bosma, N. and Levie, J. (2010) Global Entrepreneurship Monitor: 2009 Global Report, Global Entrepreneurship Research Association (GERA).
Curl, J. (2009) For All The People: Uncovering the Hidden History of Cooperation, Cooperative Movements, and Communalism in America, PM Press.
Dees, J. G. (1998) The Meaning of “Social Entrepreneurship”, Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, October 31, 1998.
Mahathir, M. (2009) Fatal Consluences?, in Esack, F. and Chiddy, S. (eds.) Islam and AIDS, OneWorld Publications.
Piper, J. M. (1993) Rice in South-East Asia: Cultures and Landscapes.UK: Oxford University Press.
Witkin, J. (2009) Innovation at the Bottom of the Pyramid in Green: A Blog About Energy and the Environment, September 18, 2009, The New York Times.
Zahra, S. A., Rawhouser, H. N., Bhawe, N. Neubaum, D. O., and Hayton, J. C. (2008) Globalization of Social Entrepreneurship Opportunities, Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, Vol. 2, pp.. 117 - 131.

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"Pay with Service" Model for Businesses Serving Urban Poor

"...the need for housing by the growing population will force firms and entrepreneurs to use new business models to provide very low cost housing. Informal settlers occupying idle or vacant lands in the city can be assisted by providing low cost housing infrastructure. Tenants are now being involved in the construction of housing facilities, reducing labor costs. Volunteerism and active involvement of the community is seen as part of the solution to Asia’s housing problems.

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 7: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=7

Asian Development Bank (2008) Government Poverty Reduction Programs. Chapter 7 from Poverty in the Philippines retrieved from www.adb.org/Document/BooksPoverty-in-the-Philippines/chapter7.pdf on August 8, 2008.
Choe, K & Laquian (2008) City Cluster Development: Toward an Urban-Led Development Strategy for Asia.
Gawad Kalinga: http://www.gk1world.com/
Impact Investment Exchange Asia (IIX): http://www.asiaiix.com/
Pier One Seafarers’ Dormitory in the Philippines (2010). Retrieved from http://proxied.changemakers.net/journal/300606/displayhousing1.cfm-ID=96 on April 28, 2010.
Pralahad, C.K., and Allen Hammond (2002) Serving the World’s Poor Profitably. Harvard Business Review, Vol. 80 No. 9.
United Nations Development Program (2008) Creating Value for All: Strategies for doing business with the poor.
UN DESA (2009) July 2009 estimate by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

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Open Network Approach to Social Enterprise in SE Asia

"Social enterprise networks Driven by ICTs and social networking tools, more networks are emerging among social enterprises, investors and government departments. Social Enterprise Network Asia (SENA) is a good example, with SE members from various Asian countries. SENA was conceived as a way to foster further collaboration in the region, and emerged after the British Council facilitated a trip to the UK for SE professionals in the region to learn from the UK’s own experiences.

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 4: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=4

Hamm, Steve. Social Entrepreneurs Turn Business Sense to Good, Business Week, November 2008. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_49/b4111048005937.htm Accessed on 31 January 2011
International Entrepreneurship, ‘Entrepreneurship in Cambodia’, April 2009. Available at http://www.internationalentrepreneurship.com/asia_entrepreneur/cambodia_entrepreneur.asp Accessed on 28 January 2011
Jingga, Intan. Social Entrepreneurship in Small Business. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/34692032/Social-Entrepreneurship-in-Small-BusinessAccessed on 28 January 2011
Mahalingam, Eugene. “Push Needed for Social Entrepreneurship”, StarBizWeek, November 2010. Available at http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/11/6/business/7372284&sec=business Accessed on 28 January 2011
Nabia, Jovel O., Social Entrepreneurship in the Philippines, Business World. October 2010. Available at http://www.bworldonline.com/main/content.php?id=19157 Accessed on 31 January 2011
Pham Kieu Oanh, “Social Enterprise and Community Development Projects”, September 2010. Available at http://vacne.org.vn/en/default.aspx?newsid=513 Accessed on 20 January 2011
Sabrie, Mohamad Mohamad Salleh. Entrepreneurship Survey Among Malaysian Youths 2010. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/28127075/Entrepreneurship-Survey-Among-Malaysian-Youths-2010 Accessed on 28 January 2011
Social Earth, ‘Singapore Launches New Youth Social Entrepreneur Program’, March 2010. Available at http://www.socialearth.org/singapore-launches-new-youth-social-entrepreneur-program# Accessed on 20 January 2011
Tee, Eddie. The Young Do-gooders Who Profit from their Ethics, February 2010. Available at http://www.cnngo.com/singapore/shop/singapores-student-social-entrepreneurs-347424 Accessed on 28 January 2011
www.civilsociety.co.uk
www.socialenterprise.org.uk
www.ashoka.org/social_entrepreneur
www.asiaiix.com
http://pacap.org.ph
http://www.brac.net
http://www.pda.or.th/eng
http://www.changefusion.org

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Government Support for Social Enterprise in SE Asia

"Given the increasing complexity of social and environmental issues nowadays, governments in Southeast Asia are starting to recognize the significance of social enterprises as a potentially potent mechanism to address some of these problems. In Thailand, the government developed a Social Enterprise Master Plan 2010-2014 in the hope that it will contribute towards sustainable development. The Master Plan will be implemented through more supportive regulations when the National Social Enterprise Act, which is now in process, comes into force.

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 4: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=4

Hamm, Steve. Social Entrepreneurs Turn Business Sense to Good, Business Week, November 2008. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_49/b4111048005937.htm Accessed on 31 January 2011
International Entrepreneurship, ‘Entrepreneurship in Cambodia’, April 2009. Available at http://www.internationalentrepreneurship.com/asia_entrepreneur/cambodia_entrepreneur.asp Accessed on 28 January 2011
Jingga, Intan. Social Entrepreneurship in Small Business. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/34692032/Social-Entrepreneurship-in-Small-BusinessAccessed on 28 January 2011
Mahalingam, Eugene. “Push Needed for Social Entrepreneurship”, StarBizWeek, November 2010. Available at http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/11/6/business/7372284&sec=business Accessed on 28 January 2011
Nabia, Jovel O., Social Entrepreneurship in the Philippines, Business World. October 2010. Available at http://www.bworldonline.com/main/content.php?id=19157 Accessed on 31 January 2011
Pham Kieu Oanh, “Social Enterprise and Community Development Projects”, September 2010. Available at http://vacne.org.vn/en/default.aspx?newsid=513 Accessed on 20 January 2011
Sabrie, Mohamad Mohamad Salleh. Entrepreneurship Survey Among Malaysian Youths 2010. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/28127075/Entrepreneurship-Survey-Among-Malaysian-Youths-2010 Accessed on 28 January 2011
Social Earth, ‘Singapore Launches New Youth Social Entrepreneur Program’, March 2010. Available at http://www.socialearth.org/singapore-launches-new-youth-social-entrepreneur-program# Accessed on 20 January 2011
Tee, Eddie. The Young Do-gooders Who Profit from their Ethics, February 2010. Available at http://www.cnngo.com/singapore/shop/singapores-student-social-entrepreneurs-347424 Accessed on 28 January 2011
www.civilsociety.co.uk
www.socialenterprise.org.uk
www.ashoka.org/social_entrepreneur
www.asiaiix.com
http://pacap.org.ph
http://www.brac.net
http://www.pda.or.th/eng
http://www.changefusion.org

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Youth in SE Asia Embrace Social Enterprise

"In Malaysia a survey distributed to 6,488 young Facebook users showed that 75 per cent of youths considered themselves as social entrepreneurs aiming for both profits and social objectives (people and environment).

"In the Philippines, one of most well-recognized social enterprises in the country - Rags2Riches (R2R) - was set up by a group of students and young professionals....

Implications from Noviscape:

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 3-4: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=3

Hamm, Steve. Social Entrepreneurs Turn Business Sense to Good, Business Week, November 2008. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_49/b4111048005937.htm Accessed on 31 January 2011
International Entrepreneurship, ‘Entrepreneurship in Cambodia’, April 2009. Available at http://www.internationalentrepreneurship.com/asia_entrepreneur/cambodia_entrepreneur.asp Accessed on 28 January 2011
Jingga, Intan. Social Entrepreneurship in Small Business. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/34692032/Social-Entrepreneurship-in-Small-BusinessAccessed on 28 January 2011
Mahalingam, Eugene. “Push Needed for Social Entrepreneurship”, StarBizWeek, November 2010. Available at http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/11/6/business/7372284&sec=business Accessed on 28 January 2011
Nabia, Jovel O., Social Entrepreneurship in the Philippines, Business World. October 2010. Available at http://www.bworldonline.com/main/content.php?id=19157 Accessed on 31 January 2011
Pham Kieu Oanh, “Social Enterprise and Community Development Projects”, September 2010. Available at http://vacne.org.vn/en/default.aspx?newsid=513 Accessed on 20 January 2011
Sabrie, Mohamad Mohamad Salleh. Entrepreneurship Survey Among Malaysian Youths 2010. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/28127075/Entrepreneurship-Survey-Among-Malaysian-Youths-2010 Accessed on 28 January 2011
Social Earth, ‘Singapore Launches New Youth Social Entrepreneur Program’, March 2010. Available at http://www.socialearth.org/singapore-launches-new-youth-social-entrepreneur-program# Accessed on 20 January 2011
Tee, Eddie. The Young Do-gooders Who Profit from their Ethics, February 2010. Available at http://www.cnngo.com/singapore/shop/singapores-student-social-entrepreneurs-347424 Accessed on 28 January 2011
www.civilsociety.co.uk
www.socialenterprise.org.uk
www.ashoka.org/social_entrepreneur
www.asiaiix.com
http://pacap.org.ph
http://www.brac.net
http://www.pda.or.th/eng
http://www.changefusion.org

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UK & Australia Gov'ts Support Social Entrepreneurship in SE Asia

"The Philippines government launched the Philippines-Australia Community Assistance Program (PACAP), aiming to reduce poverty and achieve sustainable development partly through social entrepreneurship. The program was set up as a grant and mentoring program to help community entrepreneurs develop their community development projects. PACAP has worked with over 500 NGOs and grass-roots organizations to support over a thousand community-based projects, benefiting 250,000 poor people. During its last phase (2005 - 2010) PACAP funded almost 500 more projects.

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 15: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=15


Hamm, Steve. Social Entrepreneurs Turn Business Sense to Good, Business Week, November 2008. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_49/b4111048005937.htm Accessed on 31 January 2011
International Entrepreneurship, ‘Entrepreneurship in Cambodia’, April 2009. Available at http://www.internationalentrepreneurship.com/asia_entrepreneur/cambodia_entrepreneur.asp Accessed on 28 January 2011
Jingga, Intan. Social Entrepreneurship in Small Business. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/34692032/Social-Entrepreneurship-in-Small-BusinessAccessed on 28 January 2011
Mahalingam, Eugene. “Push Needed for Social Entrepreneurship”, StarBizWeek, November 2010. Available at http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/11/6/business/7372284&sec=business Accessed on 28 January 2011
Nabia, Jovel O., Social Entrepreneurship in the Philippines, Business World. October 2010. Available at http://www.bworldonline.com/main/content.php?id=19157 Accessed on 31 January 2011
Pham Kieu Oanh, “Social Enterprise and Community Development Projects”, September 2010. Available at http://vacne.org.vn/en/default.aspx?newsid=513 Accessed on 20 January 2011
Sabrie, Mohamad Mohamad Salleh. Entrepreneurship Survey Among Malaysian Youths 2010. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/28127075/Entrepreneurship-Survey-Among-Malaysian-Youths-2010 Accessed on 28 January 2011
Social Earth, ‘Singapore Launches New Youth Social Entrepreneur Program’, March 2010. Available at http://www.socialearth.org/singapore-launches-new-youth-social-entrepreneur-program# Accessed on 20 January 2011
Tee, Eddie. The Young Do-gooders Who Profit from their Ethics, February 2010. Available at http://www.cnngo.com/singapore/shop/singapores-student-social-entrepreneurs-347424 Accessed on 28 January 2011
www.civilsociety.co.uk
www.socialenterprise.org.uk
www.ashoka.org/social_entrepreneur
www.asiaiix.com
http://pacap.org.ph
http://www.brac.net
http://www.pda.or.th/eng
http://www.changefusion.org

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Increased Access to Education, Skilled Jobs Leads to Declining Marriage, Fertility in Southeast Asia

In Southeast Asia, as women achieve higher levels of education and enter skilled jobs, marriage and fertility rates are declining.

From Noviscape:

"Countries demonstrating the trend toward delayed marriage include Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, Singapore and, to a lesser extent, Indonesia."

"Fertility is also on the decline... especially among the ethnic Chinese and Indians (for example in Singapore and Malaysia), Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, and most of Indonesia."

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Activism Drives Tech Adoption in Thailand

"Thailand’s Red Shirts offer an example of digital immigrants that parallels the rise of other political groups in the region. In July 2009, laborers, and motorcycle taxi drivers who had never previously use computers, subscribed to twitter in order to vote for Thaksin Shinawatra in the “Twitter Wall of Fame” competition."

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Citizen Oversight of Government Spending via Mobile Phones and Social Media in Indonesia

"In Kupang, a city in West Timor, Indonesia, a civil group cooperates with a local newspaper and women in the villages to monitor budget spending in each village and also give feedback on local government policies, using mobile SMS and Facebook. Public policy is summarized and posted on printed newspaper, and people give feedback via SMS or Facebook. Selected comments are published in the printed newspaper."

Implications:

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HackerSpaces, Digital Communities on the Rise in Southeast Asia, Bring Innovation and Political Change

Digital communities have been highly influential in Southeast Asia. Real world spaces for digital communities, such as hackerspaces (a location where people with common interests, usually in computers, technology, science or digital or electronic art can meet, socialise and/or collaborate), blogger conferences and BarCamps (is an international network of user-generated conferences) "further fix that social space into a physical place, and act as a guild or local hub connected to a global network of like-minded digital citizens."

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