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Government Support for Social Enterprise in SE Asia

"Given the increasing complexity of social and environmental issues nowadays, governments in Southeast Asia are starting to recognize the significance of social enterprises as a potentially potent mechanism to address some of these problems. In Thailand, the government developed a Social Enterprise Master Plan 2010-2014 in the hope that it will contribute towards sustainable development. The Master Plan will be implemented through more supportive regulations when the National Social Enterprise Act, which is now in process, comes into force.

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Sources:

Noviscape, June 2011, page 4: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/Noviscape_June2011#page=4

Hamm, Steve. Social Entrepreneurs Turn Business Sense to Good, Business Week, November 2008. Available at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_49/b4111048005937.htm Accessed on 31 January 2011
International Entrepreneurship, ‘Entrepreneurship in Cambodia’, April 2009. Available at http://www.internationalentrepreneurship.com/asia_entrepreneur/cambodia_entrepreneur.asp Accessed on 28 January 2011
Jingga, Intan. Social Entrepreneurship in Small Business. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/34692032/Social-Entrepreneurship-in-Small-BusinessAccessed on 28 January 2011
Mahalingam, Eugene. “Push Needed for Social Entrepreneurship”, StarBizWeek, November 2010. Available at http://biz.thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/11/6/business/7372284&sec=business Accessed on 28 January 2011
Nabia, Jovel O., Social Entrepreneurship in the Philippines, Business World. October 2010. Available at http://www.bworldonline.com/main/content.php?id=19157 Accessed on 31 January 2011
Pham Kieu Oanh, “Social Enterprise and Community Development Projects”, September 2010. Available at http://vacne.org.vn/en/default.aspx?newsid=513 Accessed on 20 January 2011
Sabrie, Mohamad Mohamad Salleh. Entrepreneurship Survey Among Malaysian Youths 2010. Available at http://www.scribd.com/doc/28127075/Entrepreneurship-Survey-Among-Malaysian-Youths-2010 Accessed on 28 January 2011
Social Earth, ‘Singapore Launches New Youth Social Entrepreneur Program’, March 2010. Available at http://www.socialearth.org/singapore-launches-new-youth-social-entrepreneur-program# Accessed on 20 January 2011
Tee, Eddie. The Young Do-gooders Who Profit from their Ethics, February 2010. Available at http://www.cnngo.com/singapore/shop/singapores-student-social-entrepreneurs-347424 Accessed on 28 January 2011
www.civilsociety.co.uk
www.socialenterprise.org.uk
www.ashoka.org/social_entrepreneur
www.asiaiix.com
http://pacap.org.ph
http://www.brac.net
http://www.pda.or.th/eng
http://www.changefusion.org

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Activism Drives Tech Adoption in Thailand

"Thailand’s Red Shirts offer an example of digital immigrants that parallels the rise of other political groups in the region. In July 2009, laborers, and motorcycle taxi drivers who had never previously use computers, subscribed to twitter in order to vote for Thaksin Shinawatra in the “Twitter Wall of Fame” competition."

2.505
Average: 2.5 (2 votes)
 

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Citizen Oversight of Government Spending via Mobile Phones and Social Media in Indonesia

"In Kupang, a city in West Timor, Indonesia, a civil group cooperates with a local newspaper and women in the villages to monitor budget spending in each village and also give feedback on local government policies, using mobile SMS and Facebook. Public policy is summarized and posted on printed newspaper, and people give feedback via SMS or Facebook. Selected comments are published in the printed newspaper."

Implications:

1.02
Average: 1 (1 vote)
 

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HackerSpaces, Digital Communities on the Rise in Southeast Asia, Bring Innovation and Political Change

Digital communities have been highly influential in Southeast Asia. Real world spaces for digital communities, such as hackerspaces (a location where people with common interests, usually in computers, technology, science or digital or electronic art can meet, socialise and/or collaborate), blogger conferences and BarCamps (is an international network of user-generated conferences) "further fix that social space into a physical place, and act as a guild or local hub connected to a global network of like-minded digital citizens."

2.01
Average: 2 (1 vote)
 

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Gulf Countries invest in ICT, forseeing a post-oil economy

"Since 2002, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries have pooled in a substantial amount of their financial resources to diversify from oil dependent to knowledge-based economies. GCC countries have announced plans to invest around USD180 billion by 2012 in Information Communication Technology (ICT) to fuel their socio-economic growth and diversification.

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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, Middle-East Edition, May 2011, page 11-13: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_May2011.pdf#page=11

“Alarming rate of unemployment among UAE.” Emiratisation Now. 14 January, 2011. http://www.emiratisationnow.com/2011/01/alarming-rate-of-unemployment-among-uae.html

Dyes, Reena Amos. “GCC looks to ICT parks for economic diversification.” Emirates 24|7. 28 July 2009.
http://www.emirates247.com/2.277/technology/gcc-looks-to-ict-parks-for-economic- diversification-2009-07-28-1.29512

Dubai Internet City and Silicon Oasis employment. Dubai Online. http://www.dubai-online.com/jobs/information-technology.htm

“Employment and Salary Trends in the Gulf 2010-2011”. Gulf Talent. http://www.gulftalent.com/home/Employment-and-Salary-Trends-in-the-Gulf-2010-2011-Report- 26.html

“Meeting the Employment Challenge in GCC”. Booz and Company. http://www.booz.com/media/uploads/Meeting_the_Employment_Challenge_in_the_GCC.pdf

“Next Generation ICT parks bridging the Technology Gap”. Booz and Company. http://www.booz.com/media/uploads/Next_Generation_ICT_Parks.pdf

“ICT clusters keep to future of Middle-East region: DIC Chief”. Gulf in the Media: GCC Press Agencies. 24 October 2009. http://www.gulfinthemedia.com/index.php?m=gcc_press&id=2135344&cnt=205&lang=en&PHP SESSID=8

“Booz Allen Hamilton: ICT parks offer a fast-track development approach for the Middle-east”. AMEinfo. 7 September 2005. http://www.ameinfo.com/66995-more1.html

“Saudi Arabia - towards the Information Society”. Communications and Information Technology Commission, Saudi Arabia. Yesser, Saudi Arabia: e-government program. http://www.yesser.gov.sa/ar/mediacenter/DocLib1/ksa_to_information_society.pdf

Foot on the Gas: Managing Human Resources in the Middle-East. Hewitt Associates. Hewitt Associates.
http://www2.hewittassociates.com/Intl/AP/en- ME/KnowledgeCenter/ArticlesReports/foot_on_gas.aspx

Kapur, Shuchita. GCC ICT spends to see robust growth in next 3 years. Emirates 24|7. 1 February 2010. http://www.emirates247.com/2.273/uae-economy/gcc-ict-spend-to-see-robust-growth-in-next- three-years-2010-02-01-1.4173

GCC focus the economic challenge ahead. Gulf News: Business| Opinion. 2 January 2011. http://gulfnews.com/business/opinion/gcc-focus-the-economic-challenges-ahead-1.739257

Zain Saudi Arabia to connect people living in remote Saudi towns and villages. http://www.yahind.com/zain-saudi-arabia-to-connect-people-living-in-remote-saudi-towns- villages_5644.html

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Egypt Embraces Wind Energy to Reduce Oil Dependence

"Egypt plans to introduce a feed-in-tariff law by 2012, which has the potential to create a competitive market and would guarantee that all sources of renewable energy will be competitive with traditional sources of energy. Thus with the government offering electricity generated by renewable sources at a reduced rate, there is potential for electricity to reach poor rural populations....

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Sources:

The Strategic Foresight Group, Middle-East Edition, May 2011, page 5-7: http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG-ME_May2011.pdf#page=5

“Middle East largest wind turbine comes online in Abu Dabi”, Ameinfo Online. 20 January 2008. http://www.ameinfo.com/144256.html

Global Wind Energy Council
http://www.gwec.net/index.php?id=18

“A gust of wind energy in Egypt”, Egyptian Wind Energy Association. 14 July, 2010. http://www.ewindea.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=126:a-gust-of-wind- energy-in-egypt&catid=41:wind-industry&Itemid=68

“Manufacture Wind turbine components in Egypt”, How We Made It in Africa, 26 July, 2010. http://www.howwemadeitinafrica.com/manufacture-wind-turbine-components-in-egypt/155/

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India initiates policy formations of mobile governance

Intellecap writes, "The Department of Information Technology (DIT) in India has formed a new policy framework on mobile governance. The goal is to create a set of guidelines for using mobile devices to expand access and reach of public services to all Indian residents. There are about 80 million Internet users in India and 771 million mobile phone subscribers. The Mobile Service Delivery Gateway will be fully integrated into the National e-Governance Plan."

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Bamboo Laws Could Create New Source of Income for Impoverished Villagers in India

In a development that SFG says could "provide new sources of income for millions of poor that live off forests in the coming years," forest dwellers in India are now legally able to collect and sell bamboo.
The new rule is the result of the Ministry of Environment and Forests recently issuing a directive to state governments to "officially recognize bamboo as 'minor forest produce'" instead of "timber... which gave state government the right to collect and sell bamboo exclusively."
"Minor forest produce‟ includes everything valuable in a forest, except timber, that can be utilized."

2.505
Average: 2.5 (4 votes)
 

Sources:

SFG June 2011, page 2:
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SFG_June 2011.pdf#page=2

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Multiparty democracy, Niger style

According to the Centre for Democracy and Development, Niger is an example of a successful multiparty democracy where the opposition acted as a safeguard against the ruling party turning dictatorial.

"The presidential elections in the Republic of Niger presents a ... scenario in which the opposition demonstrated a cohesiveness that ensured a victory for their leaders, Mahamadou Issoufou of the PNDS party against Seini Oumarou of MNSD who was said to have strong ties to Mohmoud Tandia the ousted former president.

2.01
Average: 2 (1 vote)
 

Sources:

Centre for Development and Democracy, April 2011, Pgs. 8-9
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/CDD_April2011.pdf#page=8

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Organized crime becoming ubiquitous in poor urban communities and increasingly powerful thanks to a global economy

Organized crime is becoming increasingly globally connected and more powerful. In their capacity to grow they are changing the rules of daily life for poor communities in urban centers. Organized crime units are providing social services for communities where government has failed to do so, and at the same time are becoming increasingly embedded in everyday life of poor urban communities globally.

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Sources:

South Africa Node April 2011, pgs. 6-7
http://newsletters.clearsignals.org/SANode_April2011.pdf#page=6

Erin Torkelson’s opinion piece:
http://www.issafrica.org/uploads/OrgCrimeReviewDec2010.pdf
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