Human trafficking in West Africa might have a dismal future, which can exacerbate other human rights challenges and increasing the need for serious attention.
Paul Ahiave of CDD writes,
“The future presents a mixed picture for trafficking in West Africa. As population density continues to increase in the face of slow economic growth, crime rates (including trafficking in persons) are likely to be on the rise. It is in this context that we can understand the current condition in Nigeria: the priority accorded combating trafficking in persons seems to have declined over the last couple of years due to a reversal in the economic priorities of the government”
"Many West African countries serve as sources and transit corridors for human trafficking and victims are mostly vulnerable young women frequently placed in the custome of other women. The International Labor Organization (IOLO) Report says that 60% of foreign prostitutes in Italy are from West Africa.”
"Sadly, according to experts, very few institutions are ready and available to help in drawing up fresh, innovative programs of rehabilitation for the victims of trafficking. Indeed, available local institutions lack the manpower to both clinical and social psychological support and counseling."
Human trafficking isn’t a solo human rights violation: “Trafficking in persons in related with other illicit trans-boundary activities, such as drug smuggling and underground trade in small arms, and for this reason, it poses multiple threats to human security globally.”
Shettima explains that reversing this trend will require regional policies and intelligence sharing; identification and abolishment of cultural practices that put people at risk of trafficking; and initiating programs for care and rehabilitation of victims; and seriously addressing the structural conditions of poverty and alienation that contribute to human trafficking.
Searchlight Centre for Democracy and Development, Oct 2010, pg 6:
http://www.naptip.gov.ng/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9:press¬release&catid=1:latest&Itemid=164 http://www.punchng.com/Articl.aspx?heartic=Art201008275364060