United Arab Emirates Government To Address Coastal Pollution in Region
Coastal pollution is a severe problem in the Middle East due to the discharge from desalination plants, "man made island construction," "industrial and household waste dumped directly into the sea," and "oil spills."
The United Arab Emirates has introduced measures to mitigate the effects of coastal pollution, according to SFG.
"The Environment Agency-Abu Dhabi (EAD) has designed a Coastal Resource Atlas and Vulnerability Index, pioneering a new resource detailing UAE‟s coastline and waters. The coastal atlas is a first of its kind in the region and one of the most technologically advanced in the world.... The atlas serves as an interactive guide that will cater to a broad range of people ranging from policy makers, scientists, coastal developers and community members... It provides minute details of coastal environment such as kinds of fish, dugongs, sea-level rise, density of mangroves, and chemical pollution among others. In the event of an oil spill in the Arabian Gulf, the oil spilling model application of the atlas will outline potential scenarios with adverse impacts on marine environment."
"The UAE Marine Resource Research Centre is carrying out experiments to test the performance of a new product Bio-Degradable Oil Interceptor (BOI). If this interceptor is introduced into marine environment, it has the potential to combat oil spills and protect marine ecosystem from oil contamination."
"Since 2008, the UAE Tourism Development Authority has planted over a million mangroves. The mangrove nurseries help to sustain the ecosystem and reduce the effects of coastal infrastructure development. More recently, the EAD planted 800,000 mangroves along the coastline of Abu Dhabi. The seventy-two square kilometers of mangrove habitat in Abu Dhabi is only second to Iran which has about ninety square kilometers. The EAD has plans to extend mangrove plating efforts to coastal areas across the country."
Sources:SFG June 2011, pages 3, 4: