Women and Peace
Women and peace, women and war. We tend to focus on women and war if we focus on them at all. While women do tend to be innocent bystanders of war and face rape along with other atrocities, women hold a special place within war, with immense power to cross cut fighting factions and help build peace if properly facilitated.
UN Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace, and Security from 2000 has been hailed as a momentous step by the international community. According to the Centre for Democracy and Development however, it took 7 years of hard work to get the UN to Resolution 1325 beginning with "the Kampala Action Plan on Women and Peace (1993), the African Platform of Action on Women, Dakar (1994), the Forth World Conference on Women, Beijing (1995), and the Leadership Forum on Peace, Johannesburg (1996)... [Leading to the launch of] African Women's Committee on Peace and Development (AWCPD)" in 1998. This was followed by The Pan-African Women's Conference on a Culture of Peace in 1999, which lead to Zanzibar Declararion and Agenda for Peace. "The Pan-African Women's Organization Peace Forum held in Algiers concluded its deliberations by launching the Algiers Appeal... The historic resolution [UN Resolution 1325] was the culmination of years of activism by women determined to challenge the classic perspectives on warfare that ignore both violence against women and, especially the significant contributions made by women to the peace process around the world."
Implications from Institute for the Future:
Although Resolution 1325 is groundbreaking, we must
It is important to keep in mind the concrete actions women have taken in peacebuilding outside of meetings and conferences to highlight their efforts and bring the international community up to speed on their value to the peacekeeping process. As such I would like to draw your attention to:
Implications from Centre for Democracy and Development:
"Women also continue to face obstacles to engagement in peace negotiations, these challenges require the strongest commitment in implementing resolution 1325 (2000) in the coming years. Advancing the peace and security agenda for women is critical to maintaining regional peace and security."
Sources:Center for Democracy and Development, Nov. 2010 pgs 5-6:
6th clan of Somalia:
Liberia's female lead peace:
(screen shot from Pray the Devil Back to Hell)